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Soviet—Egyptian Relations under Khrushchev 1955–64

  • Karen Dawisha

Abstract

Apart from lack of motivation to expand its relations with Egypt prior to 1955, Soviet inactivity must equally be attributed to lack of opportunity. Despite isolated outbursts of anti-Western sentiment, such as the 1948 demonstrations in Iraq against the Portsmouth Treaty and the 1952 ‘Black Saturday’ riots in Cairo against British activities in the Canal Zone, the Arab governments and public remained generally pro-Western in outlook. Moreover, following the defeats suffered by the Arab armies in the Palestine war, the Arab-Israeli front remained fairly free from conflict in the period between 1949 and 1954, and relations between the Arab governments themselves were cordial. In Egypt, the new regime led by General Mohamed Naguib and Colonel Gamal Abd al-Nasser concentrated on domestic affairs in the two years following the 1952 overthrow of King Farouk. If the sum total of these events precluded the expansion of Soviet activity in the Arab East during the period 1949–54, a series of events in 1954–55 was to alter radically both the Soviet motivation and opportunity for a more active Middle Eastern policy.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Middle East Arab World Diplomatic Relation Soviet Leadership 
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Notes and References

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Copyright information

© Karen Dawisha 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Dawisha
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SouthamptonUK

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