July–August: the Indo-Soviet Treaty
Despite these successes at the diplomatic level, in East Bengal itself the military and political situation facing the Pakistani authorities after the end of June became increasingly difficult. There was a continuing outflow of refugees; and although there was a lull in the second and third weeks of June, it proved to be temporary.89 The refugee figures again began to mount steadily from the approximately six millions reported by the Indian government in mid-June. Very few of those who had crossed the border earlier seemed to be willing or able to make use of the facilities provided for their repatriation. Inside East Pakistan the widespread damage done to property and communications during the military operations still had to be repaired. Amost everywhere those Bengalis who had stayed at their posts maintained a sullen and uncooperative passivity which delayed the work of reconstruction.
KeywordsSecurity Council Indian Government Economic Assistance Humanitarian Relief Soviet Policy
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