• Alexander Benjamin
  • Basil Helal


When adjacent joints remain painless and mobile, arthrodesis of a major joint may be compensated for satisfactorily, whereas it may cause severe. disability in progressive rheumatoid disease. In the lower limb an arthrodesed joint may become an insuperable barrier to rising from a chair, and in the upper limb it may inactivate an otherwise useful hand.


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Copyright information

© Alexander Benjamin and Basil Helal 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Benjamin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Basil Helal
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.WatfordUK
  2. 2.West Herts HospitalHemel HempsteadUK
  3. 3.Postgraduate Institute of OrthopaedicsUK
  4. 4.Chase Farm HospitalEnfieldUK
  5. 5.Highlands HospitalWinchmore HillUK

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