Advertisement

Diesel Engine Exhaust Emissions and Noise

  • N. Watson
  • M. S. Janota
Chapter

Abstract

The upsurge of interest in environmental quality during the 1970s has resulted in much existing and proposed legislation for diesel exhaust emissions and noise. The bulk of this legislation is aimed at vehicles, but stationary power sources are not immune. The movement towards current legislation had two separate sources. First came general public hostility to the black smoke emitted from a substantial number of diesel engined trucks in the United Kingdom and Europe, followed by complaints directed at all noisy transportation means (aircraft, diesel trucks, cars and motorcycles). Meanwhile, in the United States the public nuisance of the Los Angeles ‘smog’ prompted the start of a major series of environmental quality laws. Although the number of diesel engined vehicles is increasing in the United States, the total proportion of vehicles so equipped (relative to petrol engines) remains low compared with that in Europe. Thus it was the petrol engine rather than the diesel engine that was originally singled out for criticism.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Meguerdichian and N. Watson, Predication of mixture formation and heat release in diesel engines, SAE 780225 (1978)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Greeves, I.M. Khan, C.H.T. Wang and I. Fenne, Origins of hydrocarbon emissions from diesel engines, SAE 770259 (1977)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Nightingale, A fundamental investigation into the problem of NO formation in diesel engines, SAE 750848 (1975)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N.A. Henein, Analysis of pollutant formation and control and fuel economy in diesel engines, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 1 (1976) pp. 165–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Broome and I.M. Khan, The mechanism of soot release from combustion of hydrocarbon fuels with particular reference to the diesel engine, Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs, Paper C140 /71 (1971)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I.M. Kahn, Formation and combustion of carbon in a diesel engine, Proc. Inst. Mech. Engr 184, Pt.3J (1969/70)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P.M. Torpey, M.J. Whitehead and M. Wright, Experiments in the control of diesel emissions, Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs, Air pollution control in transport engines, Paper C124 /71 (1971)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.W. Savery, R.A. Matula and T. Asmus, Progress in diesel odour research, SAE 740213 (1974)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.M. Perez and E.W. Landen, Exhaust emission characteristics of precombustion chamber engine, SAE 680421 (1968)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.P. Wilson, E.B. Muir and F.A. Pellicciotti, Emissions study of a single cylinder diesel engine, SAE 740123 (1974)Google Scholar
  11. H. Hardenberg and G. Fraenkle, The effect of charge air cooling on exhaust emissions and power output of turbocharged diesel engines, Paper C71/78, Turbocharging and Turbochargers Conference, Inst. Mech. Engrs (London, 1978)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Schreiber and R. Cichocki, Der Entwicklungsstand schadstaffarmer Fahrzeug-Dieselmotoren, Auto-tech. Z., 77, No. 3 (1975)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. Pischinger and W. Cartellieri, Combustion system parameters and their effect on diessel engine exhaust emission, SAE 720756 (1972)Google Scholar
  14. M.F. Russel and H.C. Grigg, Diesel engine fuel economy, emission and noise, Land Transport Engines, Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs (January, 1977)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C.C.J. French and D.A. Pike, Diesel engined, light duty vehicles for an emission controlled environment, SAE 790761 (1979)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    W.R. Wade, Light-duty NOx-HC-Particulate trade-off studies, SAE 800335, Diesel Combustion and Emissions, SP86 (1980)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Priede, In search of origins of engine noise, SAE 800534 (1980)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Anderton and V.K. Duggal, Effect of turbocharging on diesel engine noise, emissions and performance, SAE 756797 (1975)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R.E. Wolfgang Hempel, Does turbocharging increase diesel engine noise? — Observations on the generation, emission and reduction of diesel engine noise, SAE 680406 (1968)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    T.J. Williams and J.B. Cox, The influence of exhaust poppet valve gas flow on reciprocating engine noise, Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs, 189, No. 45 /75 (1975)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. Anderton and J. Baker, Influence of operating cycle on noise of diesel engines, SAE 730241 (1973)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    C.M.P. Chan and D. Anderton, The correlation of machine structure surface vibration and radiated noise, Internoise 72 Proceedings, Washington DC (1972)Google Scholar
  23. G.J. Hawksley and D. Anderton, Studies into combustion and noise in turbocharged engines, Paper C72/78, Turbocharging and Turbochargers Conference, Inst. Mech. Engrs (London, 1978)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y. Watenabe H. Fujisaki and T. Tsuda, D.I. diesel engine becomes noisier at acceleration — the transient noise characteristics of diesel engine, SAE 790269, SAE Diesel Engine Noise Conference, SP80 (February 1979)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. Anderton, Relation between combustion system and engine noise, SAE 790270, SAE Diesel Engine Noise Conference, SP80 (February 1979)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J.A. Raaf and E.C. Grover, A primary noise generation mechanism in petrol engines, Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs, paper C320 (1973)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    N. Lalor, E.C. Grover and T. Priede, Engine noise due to mechanical impacts at pistons and bearings, SAE 800402 (1980)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© N. Watson and M. S. Janota 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Watson
    • 1
  • M. S. Janota
    • 2
  1. 1.Imperial CollegeLondonUK
  2. 2.Queen Mary CollegeLondonUK

Personalised recommendations