The victory of the Battle of Britain and the proof which the events of 1941 provided that British industrial production was capable of withstanding the gradually diminishing power of the enemy’s bombing offensive brought about a realisation that the Empire would have to plan for a war of attrition. Such a war could be won only by the most effective use of the resources at its command. During 1940 the immediate demands made by the intensity of the struggle made it necessary to waste in order to win. In 1941, though the struggle was no less intense, the war did not move spasmodically in favour of either side, and the administrative machine began, necessarily, to develop and to reassert itself. Current, rather than voltage, was now required to ensure victory. The elimination of the great uncertainties which existed in 1940 and 1941 made it possible for production to be both anticipated and directed more intelligently.
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