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The Industrial Research Effort

  • Robert Lewis
Part of the Studies in Soviet History and Society book series (SSHS)

Abstract

As we have seen, the new regime inherited few R&D organisations geared to the servicing of industry. The initial network of about a dozen industrial research organisations comprised the small number of bodies which existed before the revolution, such as the central laboratory of the War Department and the experimental factory of the War Chemical Committee, two previously private institutes which were nationalised and establishments organised on the basis of work previously done on a more informal footing in higher educational establishments and elsewhere by scientists such as Zhukovskii the aeronautical specialist. These institutes were to come under the control of VSNKh, the commissariat which had been set up after the revolution to run industry.1 It was on the basis of such institutes that the Soviet industrial R&D effort was to grow. While in the West industrial R&D was mainly done in laboratories or departments attached to factories, in the Soviet Union such facilities were to play a minor role and R&D was to be concentrated in independent organisations.

Keywords

Industrial Research High Educational Establishment Foreign Technology Industrial Research Organisation Soviet Government 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    See, for example, the speech by Kuibyshev to the First All-Union Conference for the Planning of Scientific Research in 1931, V. V. Kuibyshev, Nauke-Sotsialisticheskii Plan (Moscow-Leningrad, 1931) p. 14.Google Scholar
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© Robert Lewis 1979

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  • Robert Lewis

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