The Differentiation of Values
Moral philosophies which give pride of place to psychology by taking benevolence, pleasure, the will to power or some other psychological notion as cardinal have usually suffered from the crudeness of their psychology. Thus the simple occurrence of a certain psychological state has not in the end seemed sufficient to account for the intricacy, subtlety and variety of evaluation as we live and experience it, still less for specifically moral evaluation, whose particular qualities have led many philosophers to regard it as completely sui generis. And those who have held the contrary have often been forced into a kind of positivistic iconoclasm. It is important to observe that a more carefully laid basis in theoretical psychology will eliminate this weakness in such positions.
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