Interhemispheric Integration of Visual Information in the Pigeon — a Behavioural Study

  • M. Graf
  • H. Zeier


The optic nerves of birds cross completely at the optic chiasm and the eye movements are independent of each other (Cowan et al., 1962). Nevertheless, there is complete interocular transfer of intensity, colour and form discriminations (Catania, 1965). Lesion studies have revealed the central position of the supra-optic decussation (DS) as a commissural pathway for interhemispheric transfer (Meier, 1971; Cuénod, 1974). The DS is part of the retinothalamohyperstriatal system (Nauta and Karten, 1970; Miceli et al., 1975).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Angaut, P. and Repérant, J. (1976). Fine structure of the optic fibre termination layers in the pigeon optic tectum: a Golgi and electron microscope study. Neuroscience, 1, 93–105PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Catania, A. C. (1963). Techniques for the control of monocular and binocular viewing in the pigeon. J. exp. Anal. Behay., 6, 627–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Catania, A. C. (1965). Interocular transfer of discriminations in the pigeon. J. exp. Anal. Behay., 8, 147–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Corballis, M. C. and Beale, I. L. (1970). Monocular discrimination of mirror-image obliques by pigeons: evidence for lateralized stimulus control. Anim. Behay., 18, 563–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cowan, W. M., Adamson, L. and Powell, T. S. P. (1962). An experimental study of the avian visual system. J. Anat., 95, 545–63Google Scholar
  6. Cuénod, M. (1974). Commissural pathways in interhemispheric transfer of visual information in the pigeon. In The Neurosciences 3rd Study Program, MIT Press, Cambridge, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  7. Ferster, C. B. and Skinner, B. F. (1957). Schedules of Reinforcement, Appleton, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hamilton, C. R., Tieman, S. B. and Brody, B. A. (1973). Interhemispheric comparison of mirror-image stimuli in chiasm sectioned monkeys. Brain Res., 58, 415–25PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hodos, W. (1969). Colour discrimination deficits after lesions of the nucleus rotundus in pigeons. Brain, Behay. Evol., 2, 185–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ingle, D. (1967). Two visual mechanisms underlying the behavior of fish. Psycho!. Forsch., 31, 44–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Meier, R. E. (1971). Interhemisphärischer Transfer visueller Zweifachwahlen bei kommissurotomierten Tauben. Psycho!. Forsch., 34, 220–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mello, N. K. (1965). Interhemispheric reversal of mirror-image oblique lines following monocular training in pigeons. Science, 148, 252–54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mello, N. K. (1966). Concerning the interhemispheric transfer of mirror-image patterns in pigeon. Physiol. Behay., 1, 293–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mello, N. K. (1967a). A method for restricting stimuli to the frontal or lateral visual field of each eye separately in pigeon. Psychonom. Sci., 8, 15–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mello, N. K. (1967b). Interhemispheric comparison of visual stimuli in the pigeon. Nature (Lond.), 214, 144–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Miceli, D., Peyrichoux, J. and Repérant, J. (1975). The retino-thalamo-hyperstriatal pathway in the pigeon (Columba livia). Brain Res., 100, 125–31PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nauta, W. J. H. and Karten, H. J. (1970). A general profile of the vertebrate brain, with sidelights on the ancestry of cerebral cortex. In The Neurosciences (F. O. Schmitt, ed.), 2nd Study Program, New York, The Rockefeller University Press, pp. 7–26Google Scholar
  18. Noble, J. (1968). Paradoxical interocular transfer of mirror-image discriminations in the optic chiasm sectioned monkey. Brain Res., 10, 127–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Palmers, C. (1972). Interhemisphärische Suppression bei der Taube. Unveröffentlichte Doktorarbeit, Universitat WienGoogle Scholar
  20. Palmers, C. and Zeier, H. (1974). Hemispheric dominance and transfer in the pigeon. Brain Res., 76, 537–41PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pettigrew, J. D. and Konishi, M. (1976). Neurons selective for orientation and bin-ocular disparity in the visual wulst of the barn owl (Tyto alba). Science, 193, 675–78PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Tieman, S. B., Tieman, D. G., Brody, B. A. and Hamilton, C. R. (1974). Interocular reversal of up-down mirror-images in pigeons. Physiol. Behau., 12, 615–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Voneida, T. J. and Mello, N. K. (1975). Interhemispheric projections in the optic tectum in pigeon. Brain, Behay. Evol., 11, 91–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Walk, R. D. (1965). The Study of Visual Depth and Distance Perception in Animals, Academic Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Walls, G. L. (1963). The Vertebrate Eye and its Adaptive Radiation, Hafner, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Zeier, H. (1973). Programmierung und Auswertung von Lernexperimenten mit einem Prozessrechner. Neue Technik, 4, 3–7Google Scholar

Copyright information

© I. Steele Russell, M. W. van Hof and G. Berlucchi 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Graf
  • H. Zeier

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations