Clientelism, Elections and Systems of Inequality and Domination in Cameroun: A Reconsideration of the Notion of Political and Social Control

  • Jean-François Bayart

Abstract

For the observer of African political life, the importance of clientelist phenomena is not in doubt — from the employee who spontaneously offers his boss some small present in anticipation of a favour in return, to the political class which, in full force, religiously accompanies the president of the republic to the airport on each of his trips and is there on his return. The behaviour characteristic of clientele relations is found at every level of social reality.

Keywords

Europe Flare Assimilation Pyramid Arena 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    G. Balandier, Anthropo-logiques (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1974) ch. 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Lemarchand, ‘Les Relations de clientèle comme agent de contestation — le cas du Rwanda’, Civilisations, xviii, no. 4 (1968) 555.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    P. P. Rey, Colonialisme, neo-colonialisme et transition au capitalisme (Paris: Maspéro, 1971)Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    J. F. Medard, ‘Les Rapports de clientèle: du phénomène social à l’analyse politique’, Revue française de science politique, xxvi, no. 1 (Feb 1976) 106’7.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    A. Wirz, ‘La Rivière du Cameroun: commerce pré-colonial et contrôle du pouvoir en société lignagère’, Revue française d’histoire d’outre-mer, lx, no. 219 (1973) pp. 188 ff.Google Scholar
  6. P. Laburthe-Tolra, Minlaaba histoire et société traditionnelle chez les Beti du sud Cameroun (Paris, 1974) p. 858.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    J. D. Powell, ‘Peasant Society and Clientelist Politics’, American Political Science Review, lxiv (June 1970) pp. 411–25,Google Scholar
  8. R. Lemarchand and K. Legg, ‘Political Clientelism and Development: A Preliminary Analysis’, Comparative Politics, xv, no. 2 (Jan 1972) pp. 158’9.Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    J. Guillard, Golonpoui (Paris: Mouton, 1965)Google Scholar
  10. I. de Garine, Les Massa du Cameroun (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1964)Google Scholar
  11. G. Pontie, Les Guiziga du Cameroun septentrional (Paris: ORSTOM, 1973).Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    J. Hurault, La Structure sociale des Bamiléké (Paris: Mouton, 1962),Google Scholar
  13. C. Tardits, Les Bamiléké de l’ouest Cameroun (Paris: Berger Levrault, 1960)Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    R. Joseph, ‘Ruben Um Nyobé and the ‘Kamerun’ Rebellion’, African Affairs, lxxiii, no. 293 (Oct 1974) 432.Google Scholar
  15. 18.
    A remarkable documented account of this period is in R. Joseph, ‘National Politics in Postwar Cameroun: The Difficult Birth of the UPC’, Journal of African Studies, ii, no. 2 (Summer 1975) 201’29.Google Scholar
  16. 19.
    Description of the Efoula-Meyong in G. Balandier, Sociologie actuelle de l’Afrique noire, new edition (Paris, 1971) p. 236Google Scholar
  17. P. Alexandre and J. Binet, Le groupe dit Pahouin (Fang, Boulou, Beti) (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1958) ch. 5.Google Scholar
  18. 27.
    W. R. Johnson, The Cameroun Federation: Political Integration in a Fragmentary Society (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1970) p. 1531f.Google Scholar
  19. 33.
    See the excellent case-study in R. E. Ritzenthaler, ‘Anlu: A Women’s Uprising in the British Cameroons’, African Studies, xix, no. 3 (1960) 151’6.Google Scholar
  20. 34.
    N. Poulantzas, La Crise des dictatures européennes (Portugal, Grèce, Espagne) (Paris: Maspéro, 1975) pp. 83’5.Google Scholar
  21. 37.
    S. Amin, L’Accumulation à l’échelle mondiale. Critique de la théorie de sous-développement (Paris: Anthropos, 1971).Google Scholar
  22. P. P. Rey, Les Alliances de classes, (Paris: Maspéro, 1973).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jean-François Bayart 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-François Bayart

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations