Provincial Congress Politics 1934–9
This book is a study of policy and politics at the all-India level. Only by looking at the activities of the national leadership of the Congress can we secure an overall view of Indian politics in this period, a picture that cannot be pieced together from provincial studies alone. However, as we have already seen, the Congress national leadership did not operate in a vacuum; an all-India history of the Congress would be meaningless if events in the provinces and localities were ignored. To understand events in the provincial Congress organisations we must first elucidate the ground-rules of Congress politics, which were those set out by the Bombay Constitution of 1934. These new arrangements balanced greater popular participation with greater hierarchical control. Previously the organisation had run on a system of indirect elections; now a single annual election was held at which the primary members elected the delegates to the annual Congress session, and the same men served on the P.C.C., the D.C.C. and the local Congress committees. Thus the provincial level of the Congress was thrown open to those who could enrol members and mobilise their votes in the localities.
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