The destruction of the ‘Second Republic’ in September 1939 initiated a decade of continuous turmoil in Poland. The process of reconstructing a new political system began as soon as the old order was destroyed and was not technically complete until the declaration of the constitution of the Polish People’s Republic (P.R.L.) on 22 July 1952. Important aspects of this process, including the history of the Polish resistance, the work of the government-in-exile, the diplomacy of the Great Powers on the Polish Question, and the consolidation of the Communist system after 1948, lie beyond the scope of this paper, which is limited to the events in Poland itself in the critical period between the advance of the Soviet Army in July 1944 and the formation of the Polish United Workers’ Party (P.Z.P.R.) in December 1948.


Polish Resistance Agrarian Reform Polish Question Communist System Polish Party 
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  1. 11.
    Stanisław Mikołajczyk, The Pattern of Soviet Domination (London, 1948) p. 147.Google Scholar
  2. 15.
    Mikołajczyk, op. cit.; A. B. Lane, I Saw Poland Betrayed: an American Ambassador Reports to the American People (New York, 1947) p. 217.Google Scholar
  3. 25.
    See L. Blit, The Eastern Pretender: Boleslaw Piasecki, his Life and Times (London, 1965) p. 223.Google Scholar
  4. 34.
    Ryszard Wraga, ‘Pacyfikacja polskiego Komunizmu; in Kultura (Paris) no. 9/26 (1949) pp. 5–12.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman Davies

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