‘Metropology’ Revisited: On the Political Integration of Metropolitan Areas
For many years social scientists have used the term ‘metropolis’ when referring to the largest urban settlements. Political scientists were for a time prominent among those scholars who studied metropolitan affairs, but the past few decades have seen the growth of urban specialisms in the disciplines of sociology, economics and geography and a corresponding decline in the contribution made by political scientists to understanding the metropolitan phenomenon. It is fair to say that much of the early metropolitan political analysis was concerned primarily with advocating the reorganisation of local government, a preoccupation eventually satirised as ‘metropology’, and pronounced to be ‘an infantile disorder in the social sciences’.1 Although ‘metropology’ has long ceased to be intellectually respectable, paradoxically its long-called-for metropolitan (or urban area-wide) authorities have now become a reality, most importantly in Toronto since 1953, in London since 1965, and elsewhere in England since 1974.2
KeywordsMetropolitan Area Political Integration International Theory Urban Politics Metropolitan Government
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