America and World Commerce

  • William Woodruff


Despite the social defences erected against the unchecked working of the market economy,1 a belief in the justice and power of the market place is central to American life. In this sense, the Americans have remained true to their original intention in coming to this land: not to loot and leave but to settle and trade.


World Trade Foreign Trade Social Defence American Trade Table XVII 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



  1. Ashworth, William, A Short History of the International Economy Since 1850, London, 1962.Google Scholar
  2. Bruchey, S. W., The Roots of American Economic Growth, 1607–1861, New York, 1965.Google Scholar
  3. Condliffe, J. B., The Commerce of Nations, London, 1951.Google Scholar
  4. Dietrich, E. B., World Trade, New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  5. Dietrich, E. B., Far Eastern Trade of the United States, New York, 1940.Google Scholar
  6. Haberler, Gottfried, ‘Integration and Growth of the World Economy’, Am. Econ. Rev., Liv (Mar 1964) 1–21.Google Scholar
  7. Hilgerdt, Folke, Industrialization and Foreign Trade, Geneva, 1945.Google Scholar
  8. Horn, P. V., International Trade, New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  9. Kilduff, V. R., ‘Economic Factors in the Development of Canadian-American Trade’, Southern Econ. Journal, viii (Oct 1941) 201–17.Google Scholar
  10. Myrdal, Gunnar, An International Economy, New York, 1956.Google Scholar
  11. Walton, S. D., American Business and Its Environment, New York, 1966.Google Scholar
  12. Woodruff, William, The Emergence of an International Economy, 1700–1914, (London 1971).Google Scholar


  1. Berrill, K., ‘International Trade and the Rate of Economic Growth’, Econ. Hist. Rev., xii (Apr 1960) 351–9.Google Scholar
  2. Cairncross, A. K., ‘International Trade and Economic Development’, Kyklos, xiii (1960) 545–58.Google Scholar
  3. Hamberg, Daniel, Principles of a Growing Economy, New York, 1961.Google Scholar
  4. Harrod, Roy and Hague, Douglas (eds.), International Trade Theory in a Developing World, London, 1963.Google Scholar
  5. Kenen, P. B., International Economics, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1964.Google Scholar
  6. Kindleberger, C. P., Foreign Trade and the National Economy, New Haven, 1962.Google Scholar
  7. Kindleberger, C. P., International Economics, Homewood, Ill., 1963.Google Scholar
  8. Kindleberger, C. P., The Terms of Trade, Camb., Mass., 1956.Google Scholar
  9. Nurkse, Ragnar, Patterns of Trade and Development, Stockholm, 1959.Google Scholar
  10. Viner, Jacob, International Trade and Economic Development, Glencoe, Ill., 1952.Google Scholar

American Foreign Trade: The Colonial Period

  1. Andrews, C. M., ‘Colonial Commerce’, Am. Hist. Rev., xx (Oct 1914) 43–63.Google Scholar
  2. Bailyn, Bernard, ‘Communications and Trade: The Atlantic in the Seventeenth Century’, J. Econ. Hist., xiii (Fall 1953) 378–87.Google Scholar
  3. Bailyn, Bernard, The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century, Camb., Mass., 1955.Google Scholar
  4. Barrow, T. C., Trade and Empire: The British Customs Service in Colonial America, 1660–1775, Camb., Mass., 1967.Google Scholar
  5. Bhagat, G., ‘America’s First Contacts with India, 1784–1785’, Am. Neptune, xxxi (Jan 1971) 38–48.Google Scholar
  6. Biddulph, John, The Pirates of Malabar, London, 1907.Google Scholar
  7. Bradlee, F. B. C., Piracy in the West Indies and Its Suppression, Salem, 1923.Google Scholar
  8. Bruce, P. A., Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century, 2 vols, New York, 1895.Google Scholar
  9. Dulles, F. R., The Old China Trade, Boston, 1930.Google Scholar
  10. Haring, C. H., The Buccaneers to the West Indies in the XVII Century, New York, 1910.Google Scholar
  11. Harrington, V. D., The New York Merchant on the Eve of the Revolution, New York, 1935.Google Scholar
  12. Jameson, J. F. (ed.), Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period, New York, 1923.Google Scholar
  13. Kämmen, M. G., Empire and Interest: The American Colonies and the Politics of Mercantilism, Philadephia, 1970.Google Scholar
  14. Pares, Richard, Yankees and Creoles: The Trade between North America and the West Indies Before the American Revolution, Camb., Mass., 1956.Google Scholar
  15. Parry, J. H., The Establishment of the European Hegemony, 1415–1715: Trade and Exploration in the Age of the Renaissance, New York, 1961.Google Scholar
  16. Williamson, J. G., ‘International Trade and United States Economic Development, 1827–1843, J. Econ. Hist., xxi (Sep 1961) 372–83.Google Scholar


  1. Bennett, N. R. and Brooks, G. E., Jr (eds.), New England Merchants in Africa, A History Through Documents, 1802 to 1865, Brookline, Mass., 1965.Google Scholar
  2. Carnes, J. A., Journal…, Boston, 1852.Google Scholar
  3. Crosby, A. W., America, Russia, Hemp and Napoleon, Columbus, Ohio, 1965.Google Scholar
  4. Dart, M. S., Yankee Traders at Sea and Ashore, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  5. Evans, C. H., ‘Exports, Domestic, from the United States to All Countries from 1789 to 1883, Inclusive’, House Miscellaneous Document, no. 49, part 2, 48th Cong., 1st Sess., 1884, 1–266.Google Scholar
  6. Fairbank, J. K., Trade and Diplomacy on the China Coast: The Opening of the Treaty Ports, 1842–1854, 2 vols, Camb., Mass., 1953.Google Scholar
  7. Furber, Holden, ‘The Beginnings of American Trade with India, 1784–1812’, New England Quarterly, xi (June 1938) 235–65.Google Scholar
  8. Kimball, G. S., The East-India Trade of Providence from 1787–1807, Providence, R. I., 1896.Google Scholar
  9. White, P. L., The Beckmans of New York in Politics and Commerce, 1647–1877, New York, 1956.Google Scholar


  1. Beu, M. J., The Open Door Doctrine, New York, 1923.Google Scholar
  2. Campbell, C. S., Special Business Interests and the Open Door Policy, New Haven, 1951.Google Scholar
  3. Rothstein, Morton, ‘America in the International Rivalry for the British Wheat Market, 1860–1914’, Miss. Valley Hist. Rev., xlvii (Dec 1960) 401–18.Google Scholar
  4. Simon, Matthew and Novak, David, ‘Some Dimensions of the American Commercial Invasion of Europe, 1871–1914: An Introductory Essay’, J. Econ. Hist, xxiv (Dec 1964) 591–608.Google Scholar
  5. Varg, Paul A., ‘The Myth of the China Market, 1890–1914’, Am. Hist. Rev., lxxiii (Feb 1968) 742–58.Google Scholar

Post-First World War

  1. Brown, W. A., Jr, The United States and the Restoration of World Trade, Washington, D.C., 1950.Google Scholar
  2. Dowd, D. F. (ed.), America’s Role in the World Economy: The Challenge to Orthodoxy, Boston, Mass., 1966.Google Scholar
  3. Hinshaw, R. W., The European Community and American Trade, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  4. Humphrey, D. D., American Imports, New York, 1955.Google Scholar
  5. Humphrey, D. D., The United States and the Common Market, New York, 1962.Google Scholar
  6. Hunsberger, W. S., Japan and the United States in World Trade, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  7. Krause, L. B., ‘European Economic Integration and the United States’, Am. Econ. Rev., xiii (May 1963) 185–96.Google Scholar
  8. Maddison, Angus, ‘Growth and Fluctuation in the World Economy, 1870–1960’, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, XV (June 1962) 127–95.Google Scholar

Tariff History

  1. Taussig, F. W., The Tariff History of the United States, New York, 1931.Google Scholar
  2. Towle, L. W., International Trade and Commercial Policy, New York, 1956, U.S. Tariff Commission Report, ‘Implications of Multinational Firms for World Trade and Investment and for U.S. Trade and Labor’, Washington, D.C., Feb 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© William Woodruff 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Woodruff
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaUSA

Personalised recommendations