Development Problems of Multi-Ethnic Societies

  • Kurt Glaser


In so far as multi-ethnicity determines the framework for development, the problems it raises are not special or unusual but almost universal in Africa. The typical African state contains a number of self-identifying ethnic groups of various sizes. Clifford Geertz, who has constructed a typology of ethnic patterns, classifies most of Africa in the category of ‘ethnic fragmentation’.1


Political Development Accelerate Development Plural Society Territorial State Tribal Nation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Clifford Geertz, ‘The Integrative Revolution: Primordial Sentiments and Civic Politics in the New States’, in Clifford Geertz (ed.), Old Societies and New States: The Quest for Modernity in Asia and Africa (Glencoe. Ill.: Free Press, 1963) pp. 105–57, at p. 118;Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eugen Lemberg, Nationalismus, 2 vols (Hamburg: Rowohlts Deutsche Enzyklopädie, 1964) II 34–54.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. S. Furnivall, Colonial Policy and Practice (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1948) pp. 304–12.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Frederick Hertz, The Economic Problem of the Danubian States (London: Gollancz, 1947) pp. 40–51.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    For a critical account of the major developments in Austro-Hungarian constitutional history, see Wenzel Jaksch, Europe’s Road to Potsdam (New York: Praeger, 1963) part 1.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    William A. Gamson, ‘Stable Unrepresentation in American Society’, American Behavioral Scientist, no. 12 (Nov–Dec 1969).Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Robert A. Dahl, Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1971) pp. 105–23, 203.Google Scholar
  8. 14.
    S. N. Eisenstadt, ‘Bureaucracy and Political Development’, in Nimrod Raphaeli (ed.), Readings in Comparative Administration (Boston, 1967) pp. 199–268, esp. p. 224.Google Scholar
  9. 16.
    Anthony H. M. Kirk-Greene, ‘The Merit Principle in an African Bureaucracy: Northern Nigeria’, in Arnold Rivkin (ed.), Nations by Design: Institution-Building in Africa (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1968) pp. 253–332.Google Scholar
  10. 19.
    Charles W. Anderson, Fred R. von der Mehden and Crawford Young, Issues of Political Development (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1967) PP. 34–7.Google Scholar
  11. 24.
    Henry L. Bretton, Patron—Client Relations: Middle Africa and the Powers, 24-page ‘module’ (New York: General Learning Press, 1971) passim.Google Scholar
  12. 25.
    Thus, Stokely Carmichael and Charles. V. Hamilton, in Black Power (New York: Random House, 1967) passim.Google Scholar
  13. 26.
    Leo Kuper and M. G. Smith (eds), Pluralism in Africa (Berkeley and Los Angeles: Univ. of California Press, 1969, 1971).Google Scholar
  14. 30.
    John S. Mbiti, African Religions and Philosophies (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1970) passim., esp. chaps 1, 5, 10 and 19.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© South African Institute of International Affairs 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Glaser

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations