Social Structure and Party Differences
The conduct of free elections presupposes political differences within society. But politicians as well as political scientists disagree about the sources, strength and significance of such differences. In Britain there is a long tradition of attributing political differences between individuals to differences among groups in the social structure. Sociologists and Socialists (sometimes, one person with two roles) assert that social differences in some sense cause political differences. These differences are usually defined in terms of a single social characteristic: occupational class.
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