Computerization, Automation and Cybernetics

  • J. Wilczynski

Abstract

The USSR began building experimental electronic computers in 1949 (the USA in 1942)1 and Czechoslovakia and Poland in the early 1950s. The first commercially available computers of the first generation — based on electronic lamps — were produced by the Soviets in 1955 (by the USA in 1951), of the second generation — based on transistors — in 1964 (in 1957 by the USA) and of the third generation — based on integrated circuits — in 1969 (in 1964 in the USA, 1966–7 in Britain, France, the FR of Germany and Japan). Today all the European Comecon countries are producing computers of some sort, the USSR, Czechoslovakia, the German DR, Poland and Hungary (in this order) being the most advanced.

Keywords

Sugar Europe Ferrite Rubber Turkey 

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Notes

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Copyright information

© J. Wilczynski 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Wilczynski
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Central School of Planning and StatisticsWarsawPoland
  2. 2.R.M.C.University of New South WalesDuntroonAustralia

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