Political Culture and Change
Before examining the major agents of culture change, let us dispense with three widely held misconceptions. Firstly, change is not a process or goal unique to new states. Several societies, possessing well-established national identities, are currently beset by problems of cultural transformation.88 Russia since 1917, Communist China, Egypt since the overthrow of Farouk in 1952, and post-war Japan and Germany are obvious examples. Each of these states has in common some traumatic experience such as revolution, or defeat in war and enemy occupation, that constituted a break in its history, a rejection of the previous system. However, even a state like Ethiopia, with a strong sense of historical continuity, is experiencing culture change under the pressures to modernise. And Britain, famed for its culture and adaptation, also faces acute culture problems of readjustment to her decline from the status of a world military and economic power.
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