Advertisement

Society

  • W. H. Parker

Abstract

When agriculture was the major occupation and the population was mainly rural, the basic social unit in both countries was the ‘extended’ family. This consisted not only of the active marriage pair but included their ageing parents, their growing children and possibly also their unmarried brothers and sisters. It was an economic as well as a social unit: it worked as a team on the farm and lived as a group in the farmhouse. Other closely related families lived near by, and mutual aid and mutual visiting were frequent between them. This model was more typical, more widespread and more deeply rooted in Russia than in America, because in the United States there was more mobility, both geographically across the country and socially up and down the income scale. Such mobility weakened the large or ‘extended’ family and people relied more on neighbours than on relatives for mutual assistance and social contact.

Keywords

Divorce Rate Collective Farm Housing Shortage Soviet Citizen Soviet Authority 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    For a survey of recent policy in the USSR with regard to contraception, etc., see D. M. Heer, ‘Abortion, contraception and population policy in the Soviet Union’ in Soviet Studies, XVII (1965) 76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. M. Williams in American and Soviet Society, ed. P. Hollander (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1969) p. 168; P. Jouiler, ibid., p. 207.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    J. Novak, quoted by A. S. Balinsky, ‘The proclaimed emergence of communism in the USSR’ in The Soviet Economy (London, 1964) p. 121.Google Scholar
  4. 14.
    M. Mead, Male and Female (Pelican Books: London, 1962) p. 276;Google Scholar
  5. see also E. J. Dingwall, The American Woman (London, 1956).Google Scholar
  6. 16.
    R. Schlesinger, Changing Attitudes in Soviet Russia: the Family (London, 1949) p. 343.Google Scholar
  7. 20.
    W. H. Parker, Anglo-America (London, 1962) p. 99.Google Scholar
  8. 23.
    M. Harrington, The Other America (Penguin: Baltimore, Md, 1963) pp. 48–9.Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    M. Kaser, Soviet Economics (London, 1970) p. 71.Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    A. Parry, The New Class Divided (London, 1966) p. 296.Google Scholar
  11. 32.
    Rabbi Kahane in Anti-Semitism in the Soviet Union, Hearings before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives (Washington, 1969) pp. 2211, 2204–5.Google Scholar
  12. 40.
    I. Karpets in Sovetskiy Soyuz, 241 (Moscow, 1970) p. 29.Google Scholar
  13. 45.
    U. Bronfenbrenner, Two Worlds of Childhood-USA and USSR (London, 1972).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© W. H. Parker 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. H. Parker

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations