The life of ordinary people in Italy has changed tremendously since 1945. Of course it has everywhere, but Italy is an extra-ordinary mixture of developed, developing and undeveloped. This probably means that there has been more change in the life of more individuals than anywhere else one can think of. The Russian, whose grandparents, certainly, were illiterate, has learned to read and write, but he is not free to spend his money because so much is deliberately kept out of his reach. The Italian is only hampered by his inefficient bureaucracy. Wages have risen very appreciably since the hot autumn of 1969. Indeed the chief threat to Italian prosperity is the continued striking which has reduced production in 1970 and could seriously threaten the newly acquired standard of living.