The Mutual Impact of North American and Western European Agricultural Policies
Since the 1930s, national policies for domestic agriculture have been such as to exert a major influence on agricultural production and trade in and between countries of North America and Western Europe. These policies have been, in a broad sense, support policies, protecting home producers from foreign competition and generally encouraging the expansion of domestic production. Although there has been considerable similarity in the domestic objectives underlying these policies, the levels of protection, the extent of coverage and the administrative devices employed have varied both from country to country and, within countries, over periods of time. In contrast with the similarity of domestic objectives the two regions have developed a wide gap in their underlying approaches, in other words in their ‘philosophies’, towards trade policy. This has increased the problems of harmonising national support policies and thereby reducing any adverse impact on the development of international trade.
KeywordsFair Trading Trade Policy Agricultural Policy Industrial Policy Support Policy
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