Traditional Agriculture

  • Barry Floyd


Agriculture in Eastern Nigeria employs over seventy-five per cent of the working population, utilises a comparable percentage of the land surface of the region (although well over half of this is in bush or grass fallow: (Fig. 10.1)), and contributes-together with the processing of agricultural products — a significant share of the Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P.). Until the discovery and exploitation of oil, agricultural commodities made up some eighty per cent of the region’s commercial assets. Over fifty per cent of the region’s output still originates in the agricultural sector. Agriculture is therefore a major determinant of the geography of Eastern Nigeria and deserves our close attention in consequence.


Cover Crop Niger Delta Traditional Agriculture Eastern Province Palm Grove 
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  1. 1.
    R. P. Moss, ‘Land Use Mapping in Tropical Africa’, The Nigerian Geographical Journal, iii (1959), pp. 8–17.Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    For one authoritative account, see Pierre de Schlippe, Shifting Agriculture in Africa: the Zande System of Agriculture (London, 1956).Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    W. O. Jones, ‘Food and Agricultural Economies of Tropical Africa’, Food Research Institute Studies, ii (1961), p. 9.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    For a valuable description by a cultural anthropologist of variations in bush fallowing techniques at eight sample villages in Eastern Nigeria, see D. Smock, Agricultural Development and Community Plantations in Eastern Nigeria (Lagos, 1965), Pt. I, pp. 1–16. (Hereafter referred to as Agricultural Development.)Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    For a fuller treatment, see B. N. Floyd, ‘Terrace Agriculture in Eastern Nigeria: the Case of Maku’, Nigerian Geographical Journal, vii (1964), pp. 91–108.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    Eastern Nigeria, Ministry of Agriculture, Annual Report, Agriculture Division 1963–64 (Enugu, 1966), Table 6, p. 15. (Hereafter referred to as Report 1963–64.)Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    For a fuller description of the Obudu operation, see B. N. Floyd, ENDC Ranch: Cattle Ranching in Eastern Nigeria (Enugu, 1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barry Floyd 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Floyd
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NigeriaNsukkaNigeria

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