The War’s Diplomacy
If germany had not resorted to unrestricted submarine warfare as a counterstrategy to British efforts at economic strangulation, it is unlikely that America would have become a belligerent in the First World War. Possessing vast resources within its remote boundaries, isolationist by tradition, diverse in its ethnic composition, antimilitarist in spirit, America was nevertheless drawn into the war’s vortex because German submarines (in contrast to the British surface fleet) killed 240 of its citizens and destroyed its property on the high seas. Counterbalancing much of the German U-boat provocation was the fact that England also flagrantly violated America’s neutral rights, but by less deadly means.
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