The role which the klystron amplifier is playing in the field of radar, communications and other systems such as linear accelerators has proven this device to be invaluable. Because a klystron is a device employing a long and slender electron beam, a means of focussing this beam becomes necessary. In practice, this focussing is accomplished with either permanent magnets or electromagnets. Both have their disadvantages. Magnets are not only heavy, bulky and have stray magnetic fields, but also add to the initial cost of a system. The electromagnet, in addition, requires a power supply which reduces the overall efficiency of the system and is also inherently heavy and bulky. The use of aluminum wire and foil for the electromagnet winding has not significantly reduced the weight and size. The elimination of focussing magnets would, therefore, be highly desirable. This is especially true, if not mandatory, in mobile, airborne and space systems where space and available power are at a premium and weight must be kept at an absolute minimum.
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