The dissemination of new ideas and knowledge we associate with the Enlightenment took place largely outside the formal educational systern. In fact, the quality of education in the schools may have declined. A growing population threatened a chronic shortage of money and teachers. In Catholic countries, the teaching orders-especially the Jesuits, Oratorians, and Christian Brothers-made this less of a problem, since they often taught free of charge. But the quality of education remained low almost everywhere.
KeywordsEurope Income Assure Expense Gall
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