In his biography of Sigmund Freud,1 Ernest Jones places the beginnings of international recognition for the psycho-analytic movement between 1906 and 1909. In April 1908 the first International Psycho-Analytical Congress was held in Salzburg which was attended by forty-two persons from many countries and it was then decided to produce the first periodical to be devoted to psycho-analysis, the Jahrbuch für psychoanalytische und psychopathologische Forschungen which lasted till the outbreak of the First World War. It was directed by Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss, and Freud himself and edited by C. G. Jung. Freud had been producing papers for specialized audiences since the last decade of the nineteenth century, but these had not had much circulation outside Austria and Germany except through visiting specialists. He had also in German by 1906 at least three books of major importance, The Interpretation of Dreams, Psychopathology of Everyday Life and Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, and the output continued. Totem and Taboo appeared in 1912 and the two parts of the Introductory Lectures on Pycho-Analysis were written during the war.
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