Polyethylene

  • John Jewkes
  • David Sawers
  • Richard Stillerman

Abstract

Polyethylene, one of the most useful of modern plastics, is formed by the polymerisation of ethylene. In the original process, invented in the laboratories of Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd., this was carried out by the use of great pressures, but it has recently been discovered by Dr. Karl Ziegler in Germany and scientists of American companies that ethylene can be polymerised at normal pressures by the use of certain catalysts.

Keywords

Chromium Petroleum Polyethylene Propylene Penicillin 

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References

  1. 1.
    ‘The Polyethylene Gamble’, Fortune, Feb. 1954.Google Scholar
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    Perrin, M. W., ‘The Story of Polythene’, Research, Mar. 1953.Google Scholar
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    ‘Polythene Grabs the Spotlight’, Modern Plastics, Sept. 1955.Google Scholar
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    ‘Report on Germany’, British Plastics, Nov. 1955.Google Scholar
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    British Patent No. 713,081, of Dr. Karl Ziegler.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ziegler, K., Holzkamp, E., Breil, H., Martin, H., ‘The Mü lheim Normal Pressure Polyethylene Process’, Paper delivered at a Meeting of the German Chemical Society, Sept. 1955.Google Scholar
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    Ziegler, K., ‘The Indivisibility of Research’, Glü ckauf 91, 1955.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Correspondence with Dr. K. Ziegler.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Jewkes, David Sawers and Richard Stillerman 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Jewkes
  • David Sawers
  • Richard Stillerman

There are no affiliations available

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