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Saudi Arabia and Iran in Early Twentieth Century

  • Banafsheh Keynoush

Abstract

The relative weakness of state authority in early twentieth-century Gulf history made the task of stabilizing the region arduous. This barred Saudi Arabia and Iran from retaining lasting ties of major significance, which was further complicated by Iran’s foreign policy outlook. Whereas the leaders in the Arabian peninsula preferred to persuade foreign powers as they fought amongst themselves (out of which process the Saudi state was formed), Iran’s more advanced and cohesive state structure, vibrant civil society, and long history of battling colonial influences placed it at odds with external powers in the region.

Keywords

Saudi Arabia Foreign Policy United Arab Emirate Arabian Peninsula Arab World 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Nadav Safran, SaudiArabia: The Ceaseless QuestforSecurity (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, first published 1985, paperback 1988), pp. 34–36.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Ali Mohaghegh, asnadravabet iran va arabestan saudi (1304–1357) [Documents of Relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia: 1925–1979] (tehran: markaz chap va entesharat vezarat oumur kharejeh, 1379/2000–2001), document no. 438, 3 jamadi al-thani, 1344, p. 44.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Hamid Ahmadi, ravabet iran va arabestan dar sadeh bistom: doreh pahlavi [Relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia in the Twentieth Century: The Pahlavi Era] (tehran: markaz chap va entesharat vezarat oumur kharejeh, 1386/2007), pp. 52–53Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    See also Raymond Hinnebusch, “Introduction: The Analytical Framework,” in The Foreign Policies of Middle East States. ed. Raymond Hinnebusch and Anoushiravan Ehteshami (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002), p. 8.Google Scholar
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    Saeed M. Badeeb, Saudi-Iranian Relations 1932–1982 (London: Centre for Arab—Iranian Studies and Echoes, 1993), p. 104.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    Asqhar Jafari Valedani, barresi tarikhi ekhtelafat marzi iran va iraq [A Historical Review of Boundary Disputes between Iran and Iraq] (tehran: daftar nashr farhangh eslami/daftar motaleat siyasi va beinolmellali, 1367/1989–1990), pp. 4Google Scholar
  7. 13.
    John Wilkinson, Water and Tribal Settlement in South East Arabia: Study of the Aflaj ofthe Oman (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977), p. 129.Google Scholar
  8. 14.
    Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh, Security and Territoriality in the Persian Gulf: A Maritime Political Geography (London: Curzon Press, 1999Google Scholar
  9. 17.
    Gregory Gause, “The Foreign Policy of Saudi Arabia,” in The Foreign Policies of Middle East States, ed. Raymond Hinnebusch and Anoushiravan Ehteshami (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002), pp. 194–198.Google Scholar

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© Banafsheh Keynoush 2016

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  • Banafsheh Keynoush

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