Why Did It Not Happen Here? The Gradual Radicalization of the Anarchist Movement in Sweden 1980–90

  • Jan Jämte
  • Adrienne Sörbom
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements book series (PSHSM)


This chapter examines the development and role of the anarchist movement in Sweden during the 1980s. In relation to many other parts of Northern Europe — which had seen an upsurge in radical left-libertarian activism, squatting and urban unrest at the turn of the 1980s — such social movements and confrontations remained a marginal phenomenon in Sweden, at least until the end of the decade. However, by the late 1980s a new generation of younger activists, often with roots in the anarchist milieu, formed the basis for a radical squatter and autonomist movement, which proved very similar to the movements that had developed throughout Europe almost a decade earlier.


Economic Crisis Europe Petrol Boulder Defend 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    R.A. Dahl (1989) Democracy and Its Critics (New Haven: Yale University Press);Google Scholar
  2. R. Kinna (2005) Anarchism: A Beginner’s Guide (Oxford: Oneword).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Lång (2007) Drömmen om det ouppnåeliga: anarkistiska tankelinjer hos Hinke Bergegren, Gustaf Henriksson-Holmberg och Einar Håkansson (Umeå: Umeå universitet).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Tarrow (1994) Power in Movement (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press);Google Scholar
  5. D. McAdam, J.D. McCarthy and M.N. Zald (eds) (1996) Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structures and Cultural Framings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    D.A. Snow, B.E Rochford, S.K. Worden and R.D. Benford (1986) ‘Frame Alignment Processes, Micro Mobilization and Movement Participation’ American Sociological Review, vol. 51, no. 4, 464–81;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. R.D. Benford and D.A. Snow (2000) ‘Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and an Assessment’ Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 26, 611–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6.
    C. Tilly (1986) The Contentious French (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), p. 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.
    C. Tilly (2004) Social Movements, 1768–2004 (Boulder, CO: Paradigm);Google Scholar
  10. G. Chesters and I. Welsh (2011) Social Movements: The Key Concepts (London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  11. 9.
    T. Ekman Jörgensen (2008) ‘Scandinavia’, in M. Klimke and J. Scharloth (eds) 1968 in Europe: A History of Protest and Activism, 1956–1977 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), p. 246.Google Scholar
  12. 10.
    S. Jacobson (2006) Anarkismens återkomst (Lund: India Däck bokcafé), p. 126; Statens offentliga utredningar (SOU) 2002: 91 (2002) Hotet från vänster (Stockholm: Fritzes), pp. 310, 328, 379;Google Scholar
  13. H. Thörn (1997) Rörelser i det moderna. Politik, modernitet och kollektiv identitet i Europa 1789–1989 (Stockholm: Rabén Prisma).Google Scholar
  14. 11.
    J. Galtung, and M. Friberg (eds) (1984) Rörelserna (Stockholm: Akademilitt.); Thörn, Rörelser i det moderna (Stockholm: Rabén Prisma).Google Scholar
  15. 12.
    Galtung and Friberg, Rörelserna; R. Vila and T. Hallbert (1983/1993) Anarki till vardags: en bild av alternativrörelsen: en föraning om ett alternativt samhälle (Munkfors: Maximilia).Google Scholar
  16. 14.
    L. Magnusson (2000) ‘Det svenska arbetslösheten i ett längre perspektiv’ Ekonomisk debatt, vol. 28, no. 1, 33–42.Google Scholar
  17. 15.
    T. Sverenius (1999) Vad hände med Sveriges ekonomi efter 1970?: en debattbok från demokratiutredningen, SOU 1999: 150, (Stockholm: Fakta info direkt).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. Bergstrand (2014) ‘The Mobilizing Power of Grievances: Applying Loss Aversion and Omission Bias to Social Movements’ Mobilization, vol. 19, no. 2, 123–42.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    See G. Esping-Andersen (1990) The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism (Cambridge: Polity Press).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Esping-Andersen, The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism; S. Berman (1998) The Social Democratic Moment: Ideas and politics in the making of interwar Europe (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press);Google Scholar
  21. T. Tilton (2002) ‘The Role of Ideology’, in K. Misgelt et al. (eds) Creating Social Democracy: A Century of the Social Democratic Labor Party in Sweden (Stockholm: Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek).Google Scholar
  22. 21.
    L. Lewin (1992) Samhället och de organiserade intressena, (Stockholm: Norstedts);Google Scholar
  23. E. Lundberg (2012) ‘Forskning om relationen mellan det civila och offentliga samhället’, in A.S Hellberg, M. Karlsson, H. Larsson, E. Lundberg and M. Persson (eds) Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: Tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet (Örebro: Örebro universitet).Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    I. Sjöö (2011) Fackliga fribrytare. Episoder från 100 år av svensk syndikalism (Stockholm: Federativ), pp. 293–301.Google Scholar
  25. 31.
    G. Kuhn ‘Anarchism in Sweden’, in I. Ness (ed.) (2009) The International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell);Google Scholar
  26. A. Peterson (2001) Contemporary Political Protests: Essays on Political Militancy (Aldershot: Ashgate);Google Scholar
  27. J. Jämte (2013) Antirasismens många ansikten (Umeå: Umeå universitet).Google Scholar
  28. 32.
    K. Viehmann (1990) Det tredubbla förtrycket — en text om klasskillnader, rasism och sexism, available at: http://motkraft.net/, date accessed 15 April 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jan Jämte and Adrienne Sörbom 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Jämte
  • Adrienne Sörbom

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations