Cicero and Aristotle: Cultural Imperialism and the Napoleonic Geography of Empire

  • Michael Broers
Chapter
Part of the War, Culture and Society, 1750–1850 book series

Abstract

The character of the Napoleonic Empire is marked by the heterogeneous nature of the many areas it came to rule over, the great variation in the lengths of time it occupied different parts of the territory under its sway, and finally, the relentlessly uniform, uncompromising manner in which it sought to rule its empire. It might be correct to call the Napoleonic Empire more Roman than Rome itself. This chapter seeks to examine the impact of this unyieldingly standardized approach to administration on the shape of the Empire, dividing it into those regions which, more or less, responded well to the Napoleonic system of government, and those which did not, and then to deduce a logic from this pattern, and explore what sort of imperialist ideology may have underlain French attitudes to the varied regions under their rule.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    The concept runs throughout both his major works: Edward Said, Culture and Imperialism (London, 1994)Google Scholar
  2. and Edward Said, Orientalism. Western Conceptions of the Orient (London and New York, 1978).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Fernand Braudel, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, trans. S. Reynolds, 2 vols. (London, 1977), vol. 1, 34.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Jacques Norvins de Montbretonne, Souvenirs d’un historien de Napoléon, 3 vols. (Paris, 1896–1897), vol. 3, 62.Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    Livio Antonielli, I Prefetti dell’Italia Napoleonica (Bologna, 1983), 68.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    In this, I am deeply indebted to Pocock’s work, especially: J. G. A. Pocock, Barbarism and Religion, Volume II: Narratives of Civil Government (Cambridge, 1999), Section 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 12.
    Adriano Prosperi, Tribunali della coscienza. Inquisitori, confessori, missionari (Turin, 1996). Adriano Prosperi, ‘Otras Indias: missionari della Contra-Riforma tra con-tadini e selvaggi’, Scienze, credenze, occulte, livelli di cultura, Atii del Convegno Internazionale di Studi, Florence, 1980 (Florence, 1982), 205–34.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    Colin Lucas, ‘Résistances populaires à la Révolution dans le Sud-Est’, Mouvements populaires et conscience sociale (Paris, 1985), 147–62. Roger Dupuy, De la Révolution à la Chouannerie (Paris, 1988).Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    On the Rhône: Colin Lucas, ‘Themes in Southern Violence After 9 Thermidor’, in Gwynne Lewis and Colin Lucas, eds., Beyond the Terror: Essays in French Social and Regional History, 1799–1815 (Cambridge, 1983), 152–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. On the most infamous of the urban risings in northern Italy: Félix Bouvier, ‘La révolte de Pavie (23–26 mai 1796)’, Revue Historique de la Révolution française, 2 (1911): 519–39.Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Johan Joor, De adelaar en het lam: onrust, opruiing en onwilligheid in Nederland ten tijde van het Koninkrijk Holland en de inlijving bij het Franse keizerrijk (1806–1813) (Amsterdam, 2000).Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    Aurélien Lignereux, Servir Napoléon: Policiers et Gendarmes dans les départements annexes (1796–1814) (Paris, 2012).Google Scholar
  13. 17.
    On the Auvergne: Isser Woloch, ‘Napoleonic Conscription: State Power and Civil Society’, Past and Present, 111 (1986): 101–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. On the Kingdom of Italy: Alexander Grab, ‘Army, State and Society: Conscription in Desertion in Napoleonic Italy (1802–1814)’, Journal of Modern History, 117 (1995): 25–54,CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Alexander Grab, ‘State Power, Brigandage and Rural Resistance in Napoleonic Italy’, European History Quarterly, 25 (1995): 39–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. On Piedmont: Michael Broers, Napoleonic Imperialism and the Savoyard Monarchy 1773–1821: State Building in Piedmont (Lampeter, 1997), 313–50. On the départements réúnis: Michael Broers, ‘The Police and the padroni: Italian notabili, French Gendarmes and the Origins of the Centralized State in Napoleonic Italy’, European History Quarterly, 26 (1996): 331–54.Google Scholar
  17. On the Tyrol: Marcel Dunan, Napoléon et l’Allemagne, le système continental et les débuts du Royaume de Bavière, 1806–1810 (Paris, 1942), 232–72.Google Scholar
  18. See also: Franz G. Eyck, Loyal Rebels. Andreas Hofer and the Tyrolean Uprising of 1809 (New York, 1986).Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    Gian Paolo Romagnani, Prospero Balbo. Intelletuale e uomo di stato, 2 vols. (Turin, 1990), vol. 2, 1–240.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Michael Broers 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Broers

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations