National Civil Service Systems in Western Europe: The End or Endurance of Weberian Bureaucracy?

  • Caspar van den Berg
  • Theo A. J. Toonen
Chapter

Abstract

Previous publications in this project demonstrated that state-level administrative systems were increasingly affected by intergovernmental interaction. It is important to stress that the notion of intergovernmentalism involves both the exchange between various national states and the exchange between territorial levels within the state. The increased importance of these two types of intergovernmental exchange raises pressing issues, which shall be addressed in this chapter. The first is whether the available tools for comparative analysis of civil service systems are still adequate. The second is whether the national state is still the most appropriate level of analysis for understanding the nature and dynamics of contemporary governance.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Albertini, J.-B. (1998) Contribution à une théorie de l’Etat déconcentré (Brussels: Bruylant).Google Scholar
  2. Alter, K. (1996) ‘The European Court’s Political Power,’ in J.J. Hesse and T.A.J. Toonen (eds) The European Yearbook of Government and Public Administration, vol. 3 (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft,), pp. 112–144.Google Scholar
  3. Aucoin, P. (2012) ‘New Political Governance in Westminster Systems: Impartial Public Administration and Management Performance at Risk,’ Governance, 25, 177–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bache, I. and M. Flinders (2004a) ‘Multi-Level Governance and British Politics,’ in I. Bache and M. Flinders (eds) Multi-Level Governance (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 93–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bache, I. and M. Flinders (eds) (2004b) Multi-Level Governance (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  6. Benz, A. (2003) ‘Mehrebenenvervlechtung in der Europaeischen Union,’ in M. Jachtenfuchs and B. Kohler-Koch (eds) Europäische Integration (Opladen: Leske & Budrich), pp. 317–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Benz, A. (ed.) (2004) Governance — Regieren in komplexen Regelsystemen. Eine Einführung (Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften).Google Scholar
  8. Bezes, Ph and P. le Lidec (2007) ‘French Top Civil Servants Within Changing Configurations. From Monopolisation top Challenged Places and Roles?,’ in E.C. Page and V. Wright (eds) From the Active to the Enabling State: The Changing Roles of Top Officials in European Nations (London: Palgrave/MacMillan), pp. 121–163.Google Scholar
  9. Boerzel T. and C. Sprungk (2007) ‘Undermining Democratic Governance in the Member States? The Euroepanziation of National Decision-making,’ in R. Holzhacker and E. Albaek (eds) Democratic Governance and European Integration: Linking Societal and State Processes of Democracy (Edward Elgar Publishing), pp. 113–136.Google Scholar
  10. Braun, C. and C.F van den Berg (2013) ‘At a Snail’s Pace: On the Limited Europeanization of domestic consultation practices,’ Public Administration, 91, 763–781.Google Scholar
  11. Burgess, M. and J.P. Vollaard (eds) (2005) State, Territoriality and European Integration (London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  12. Caiden, G. (2006) ‘The Administrative State in a Globalizing World: Some Trends and Challenges,’ in E. Otenyo and N. Lind (eds) Comparative Public Administration: The Essential Readings. Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, vol. 15 (Amsterdam: Elsevier Ltd.), pp. 515–542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Christensen, T. and P. Lægreid (2005) ‘Agencification and Regulatory Reforms.’ Paper presented for the SCANCOR/SOG workshop on ‘Automization of the State: From Integrated Administrative Models to Single Purpose Organizations,’ Stanford University, April 1–2.Google Scholar
  14. Day, P. and R. Klein (1990) Inspecting the Inspectorates (York: Joseph Rowntree Memorial Trust).Google Scholar
  15. Delamarre, M. (2008) L’administation et les institutions administratives (La Documentation Francaise, Collection: Decouverte de la vie publique).Google Scholar
  16. Dijkstra, G.S.A. (1996) ‘Juridisering: Preadvies ten behoeve van de Raad voor het Binnenlands Bestuur’ (Leiden University).Google Scholar
  17. Dijkstra, G. and F.M. Van der Meer (1997) ‘Functionele Decentralisatie,’ Compendium voor Politiek en Samenleving in Nederland (Deventer: Kluwer).Google Scholar
  18. Du Gay, P. (2000) In Praise of Bureaucracy: Weber, Organization, Ethics (London: Sage).Google Scholar
  19. Fry, G.K. (2000) ‘The British Civil Service System,’ in H.A.G.M. Bekke and F.M. van der Meer (eds) Civil Service Systems in Western Europe. Civil Service Systems in Comparative Perspective (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar), pp. 12–60.Google Scholar
  20. Ferlie, E., L. Lynn and C. Pollitt (eds) (2005) The Oxford Handbook of Public Management (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  21. Frederickson, H. (1997) The Spirit of Public Administration (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass).Google Scholar
  22. Gay, O. (1997) The Accountability Debate: Codes of guidance and Questions of Procedure for Ministers (London: House of Commons Library).Google Scholar
  23. Gay, O. (2006) The Civil Service Code (London: Parliament and Constitution Centre).Google Scholar
  24. Greenaway, J. (2004). ‘Celebrating Northcote/Trevelyan: Dispelling the Myths,’ Public Policy and Administration, 19(Spring), 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Goddijn, H. (ed.) (1980) Max Weber: Zijn Leven, Werk en Betekenis: Een Inleiding (Baarn: Ambo).Google Scholar
  26. Handler, J. (1996) Down From Bureaucracy: The Ambiguity of Privatization and Empowerment (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hesse, J. and T.A.J. Toonen (eds) (1996) The European Yearbook of Government and Public Administration, vol. 3 (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft).Google Scholar
  28. Hood, C., O. James, B.G. Peters and C. Scott (eds) (2004) Controlling Modern Government: Variety, Commonality and Change (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  29. Jachtenfuchs, M. and B. Kohler-Koch (eds) (2003) Europäische Integration (Opladen: Leske & Budrich).Google Scholar
  30. Kanter, R. (1989) When Giants Learn to Dance: Mastering the Challenge of Strategy, Management and Careers in the 1990s (New York: Simon and Schuster).Google Scholar
  31. Kessler, M.-C. (1996) ‘Les grands corps face a` l’Europe,’ in F. d’Arcy and L. Rouban (eds) De la Cinquièmerépublique à l’Europe (Paris: Presses de Sciences Po), pp. 183–201.Google Scholar
  32. Kohler-Koch, B. and R. Eising (eds) (1999) The Transformation of Governance in the European Union (London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  33. Kuypers, P. (2001) Rooksignalen: Opstellen over Politiek en Bestuur (Amsterdam: De Balie).Google Scholar
  34. Laffan, B. (2001) ‘The European Union Polity: A Union of Regulative, Normative and Cognitive Pillars,’ Journal of European Public Policy, 8, 709–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lane, J.-E. (2000) New Public Management (London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  36. Majone, G. (1999) ‘The Regulatory State and its Legitimacy Problems,’ West European Politics, 22, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Marks, G., L. Hooghe and K. Blank (1996) ‘European Integration Since the 1980s: State-Centric Versus Multi-Level Governance,’ Journal of Common Market Studies, 34, 341–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Mayntz, R. (2004) ‘Governance im modernen Staat,’ in A. Benz (ed.) Governance — Regieren in komplexen Regelsystemen. Eine Einführung (Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften), pp. 65–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Meier, K. and G. Hill (2005) ‘Bureaucracy in the Twenty-First Century,’ in E. Ferlie, L. Lynn and C. Pollitt (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Public Management (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 51–71.Google Scholar
  40. Meiniger, M.-C. (2000) ‘The Development and Current Feature of the French Civil Service System,’ in H. Bekke and F. van der Meer (eds) Civil Services Systems in Western Europe (Edward Elgar).Google Scholar
  41. Muller, P. (1992) ‘Le modelefrancaisd’administration face à la constitution d’un espace public europeen,’ in P. Muller (ed.) L’administrationfrancaiseest-elle en crise? (Paris: L’Harmattan).Google Scholar
  42. Olsen, J. (2002) The Many Faces of Europeanization. Europeanization — a Fashionable Term, But Is It Useful? Arena Working Paper, Oslo.Google Scholar
  43. Olsen, J. (2005) ‘Maybe It Is Time to Rediscover Bureaucracy,’ Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 16, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Osborne, D. and T. Gaebler (1992) Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit is Transforming the Public Sector (Reading, MA: Adison Wesley).Google Scholar
  45. Otenyo, E. and N. Lind (eds) (2006) Comparative Public Administration: The Essential Readings. Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, vol. 15 (Amsterdam: Elsevier Ltd.).Google Scholar
  46. Page, E. (1992) Political Authority and Bureaucratic Power (London: Harvester Wheatsheaf).Google Scholar
  47. Page, E.C. and W.I. Jenkins (2005) Policy Bureaucracy: Government with a Cast of Thousands (Oxford: OUP).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Page, E. and V. Wright (ed.) (2007) From the Active to the Enabling State: The Changing Role of Top Officials in European Nations (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan).Google Scholar
  49. Page, E. and V. Wright (eds) (1999) Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  50. Peters, B. and J. Pierre (1998) ‘Governance without Government? Rethinking Public Administration,’ Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 8, 223–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Peters, B. and J. Pierre (eds) (2001) Politicians, Bureaucrats and Administrative Reform (London: Routledge).Google Scholar
  52. Peters, B. and J. Pierre (2004) ‘Multi-Level Governance: A Faustian Bargain?’ in I. Bache and M. Flinders (eds) Multi-Level Governance (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 75–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Pollitt, C. and G. Bouckaert (2004) Public Management Reform: A Comparative Analysis (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  54. Rouban, L. (2007) ‘Public Management and Politics: Senior Bureaucrats in France,’ Public Administration, 85, 473–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Scharpf, F. (2002) ‘Regieren im europäischen Mehrebenensystem. Ansatze zu einer Theorie,’ Leviathan, 30, 65–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Schmidt, V.A. (2006) Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities (Oxford: Oxford University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Steen, T., C. Van den Berg, F.M. Van der Meer, P. Overeem and T.A.J. Toonen (2005) Modernising Governments in Other Countries: International Comparison of Change Processes in Central Government. (The Hague, Netherlands: Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations).Google Scholar
  58. Suvarierol, S. and C.F. van den Berg (2008) ‘Bridge-builders or bridgeheads in Brussels? The world of Seconded National Experts,’ in K. Geuijen, P.’t Hart, S. Princen and K. Yesilkagit (eds) The New Eurocrats (Amsterdam: AUP), pp. 103–128.Google Scholar
  59. Terry, L. (2005) ‘The Thinning of Administrative Institutions in the Hollow State,’ Administration and Society, 37, 426–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Thiel. S. van and M.W. van Buuren (2001) Ontwikkeling van het aantalzelfstandi-gebestuursorganentussen 1993 en 2000: zijnzbo’s ‘uit’ de mode? Google Scholar
  61. Toonen, T.A.J. (2001) ‘The Comparative Dimension of Administrative Reform: Creating Open Villages and Redesigning the Politics of Administration,’ in B.G. Peters and J. Pierre (eds) Politicians, Bureaucrats and Administrative Reform: the Changing Balance (London: Routledge), pp. 183–201.Google Scholar
  62. Toonen, T.A.J. and F.M. Van der Meer (2006) ‘Territory and Bureaucracy,’ in M. Burgess and J. Vollaard (eds) State, Territoriality and European Integration (London: Routledge), pp. 71–99.Google Scholar
  63. Van Braam, A. (1980) ‘Max Weber en Zijn Critici over Gezag en Bureaucratie,’ in H. Goddijn (ed.) Max Weber: Zijn Leven, Werk en Betekenis: Een Inleiding (Baarn: Ambo), pp. 176–210.Google Scholar
  64. van der Meer, F.M. and R.J. Roborgh (1993) Ambtenaren in Nederland: Omvang, bureaucratisering en representativiteit van het ambtelijkapparaat (Alphen aan den Rijn: Samson H.D. Tjeenk Willink).Google Scholar
  65. van der Meer, F.M. and J.C.N. Raadschelders (1999) ‘The Senior Civil Service in the Netherlands: A Quest for Unity,’ in V. Wright and E.C. Page (eds) Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States (Oxford: OUP), pp. 205–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Van den Berg, C.F. (2011) Transforming for Europe: The Reshaping of National Bureaucracies in a System of Multi-level Governance (Leiden: LUP).Google Scholar
  67. Van den Berg, C. F., C. Braun and T.P.S. Steen (2014) ‘Consensus Politics as Administrative Practice: The Europeanization of External Advice Seeking?,’ in H. Vollaard, J. Beyers and P. Dumont (eds) European Integration and Consensus Politics in the Low Countries (Routledge), pp. 114–133.Google Scholar
  68. Van der Meer, F.M. (2002) Civil Service Reform and the Rise of the Enabling State. Conference paper, Paul van Riper Symposium at ASPA Conference, Phoenix, AZGoogle Scholar
  69. van der Meer, F.M. (2009) ‘Public Sector Reform in Western Europe and the Rise of the Enabling State: An Approach to Analysis,’ in R. Mathur (ed.) Glimpses of Civil Service Reform (Hyderabad: Icfai Press), pp. 171–195.Google Scholar
  70. Van Thiel, S. (2005) ‘Trends in the Public Sector: Explaining the Increased Use of Quasi-Autonomous Bodies in Policy Implementation,’ Journal of Theoretical Politics, 16, 175–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Van Twist, M. (2010) Over (on)macht en (on)behagen in beleidsadvisering (Den Haag: Boom).Google Scholar
  72. Walgrave, S., P. Dumont and F. Varone (2006) ‘Policy With or Without Parties? A Comparative Analysis of Policy Change and Stability in Belgium (1991–2000),’ Journal of European Public Policy, 13, 1039–1052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Weber, M. (1976) Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft: Grundriss der Verstehenden Soziologie (Tübingen: Mohr).Google Scholar
  74. Wessels, W. and Rometsch, D. (eds) (1996) The European Union and Member States. Towards Institutional Fusion (Manchester: Manchester University Press).Google Scholar
  75. Wessels, W., A. Maurer and J. Mittag (eds) (2003) Fifteen into One? The European Union and Member States (Manchester: Manchester University Press).Google Scholar
  76. Zwaan, J. de (1993) Het comité van permanente vertegenwoordigers: Ontstaan, werkwijze en rol in de besluitvorming van de Europese Gemeenschappen (Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Caspar van den Berg and Theo A.J. Toonen 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caspar van den Berg
  • Theo A. J. Toonen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations