Is Past Prologue to 21st-Century Civil Service Systems? Exploring Historical Frames for Discovering Lessons about Institutional Futures

  • Richard J. StillmanII


George Santayana’s famous aphorism, ‘Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it,’ explicitly reminds us that knowledge of history offers invaluable guidance decisions. Historical understanding conveys wisdom; ignorance of it invites disaster. Thus anyone with a modicum of good sense studies history, not for history’s sake, but for sheer self-interest in order to improve one’s own capacity for improving the odds of making better choices about what courses of action to take in the future. Increased historical awareness yields numerous benefits.


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© Richard J. Stillman II 2015

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  • Richard J. StillmanII

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