Transitions in Civil Service Systems: Robustness and Flexibility in Human Resource Management

  • Per Lægreid
  • Lois Recascino Wise


Over the past two decades, the notion of the distinctiveness of the public sector as a ‘model employer’ has been fragmenting (Lægreid and Wise, 2007). Macro forces and the dissemination of reform ideas appear to have contributed to a rethinking of the notion of the uniqueness of the civil service and to the weakening of conditions of employment for civil servants in many countries. Nowadays, the notion that the public sector warrants a distinctive internal labor market system is no longer obvious. Not only have the domain and responsibilities of civil servants changed, as others in this volume describe, but in many countries the status of civil servants has also been dramatically altered.


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© Per Lægreid and Lois Recascino Wise 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Lægreid
  • Lois Recascino Wise

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