Modernization of the State

  • Farshad Malek-Ahmadi

Abstract

Weber defines the state as a “compulsory political organization with continuous operation” that “successfully upholds the claim to the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force.” And he defines a hierocratic organization as “an organization which enforces its order through psychic coercion by distributing or denying religious benefits.”1 A church or any “system of spiritual domination,” therefore, would be defined as a hierocratic organization that “claims a monopoly of the legitimate use of hierocratic coercion.” In other words hierocracy or any system of clerical/spiritual domination is a structure of authority that successfully upholds the claim to the monopoly of the legitimate use of hierocratic coercion. Of course, “the means by which [the] claim to monopoly is upheld will vary from case to case.”2

Keywords

Posite Defend Ethos Azerbaijan Concession 

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Notes

  1. 10.
    Said A. Arjomand, 1988, The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 32.Google Scholar
  2. 11.
    Max Weber, 1978, Economy and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 846.Google Scholar
  3. 14.
    Janet Afary, 1996, The Iranian Constitutional Revolution, New York: Columbia University Press, p. 17Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Farshad Malek-Ahmadi 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farshad Malek-Ahmadi

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