The Language Situation for the Bosniaks on Both Sides of the Serbian/Montenegrin Border

  • Robert D. Greenberg

Abstract

Although the language formerly known most frequently as Serbo-Croatian has ceased to exist, its successor languages — Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin, and Serbian — continue to evolve, and the relationships among the four new ethnically-defined languages often still evoke confusion and occasional controversy. As Vajzović (2008) suggests, the insistence among politicians, linguists, and leading intellectuals on the separateness of the ethnic languages of Bosnia-Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian) has underscored the symbolic value of languages, often at the expense of the communicative function of language.

Keywords

Europe Expense Folk Autochthonous Teme 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bajrović, Amela. 2005. ‘Border threatens Bosniak community.’ http://iwpr.net/reportnews/border-threatens-bosniak-community, accessed on 14 July 2014.
  2. Balkan Insight Reporting Network. Available at http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/page/all-balkans-home, accessed 31 October 2012.
  3. Barlovac, Bojana. 2010. Promoting Bosniak Culture in Serbia. Balkan Insight. Available at http://old.balkaninsight.com/en/main/news/25275/?tpl=299&ST1=Text&ST_T1=Article&ST_AS1=1&ST_max=1, accessed 31 October 2012.
  4. Bošnjački nacionalni savjet Crne Gore u Pljevljima-Tribina [The Bosniak National Council of Montenegro, meeting in Pljevlja {in Bosnian}]: 27 May 2011. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Yh_CI80bYs, accessed on 7 October 2012.Google Scholar
  5. Bosniak National Council website. Available at http://www.bnv.org.rs/, accessed 12 October 2012.
  6. Constitution of the Republic of Montenegro. 2007. Available at www.comparativeconstitutionsproject.org/files/Montenegro_2007.pdf, accessed 15 October 2012.
  7. Džogović, Alija and Hodo Katal. 2004. Bosanski jezik sa elementima nacionalne kulture: Narodna tradicij [The Bosnian Language with Elements of National Culture: National Tradition {in Bosnian}]. Novi Pazar: Bošnjačko nacionalno vijeće u Srbiji i Crnoj Gori.Google Scholar
  8. Giesel, Christoph. 2010. Sprachpolitik als Identitaetpolitik am Beispiel der Einfuehrung des Unterrichstfaches ‘Bosnisch’ im serbischen Sandzak (pp. 101–197 ). In: Voss, C., ed. Ottoman and Habsburg Legacies in the Balkans. Munich: Kubon and Sagner.Google Scholar
  9. European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages (1992). Available at http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/Treaties/Html/148.htm, accessed 31 October 2012.’
  10. Greenberg, Robert. 2001. The Dialects of Macedonia and Montenegro: Random Linguistic Elements or Evidence of a Sprachbund (pp. 295–300). Južnoslovenski filolog. Vol. 56. No 1 /2.Google Scholar
  11. Greenberg, Robert. 2004 [2008]. Language and Identity in the Balkans: Serbo-Croatian and its Disintegration ( second edition ). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Greenberg, Robert. 2008. Bosnian or Bosniac: Aspects of a Contemporary Slavic Language Question (149–161). In: Goldblatt, H, K. Stanchey and G. Ziffer, eds. Slavia orthodoxa and Slavia romana: Essays Presented to Riccardo Picchio by his Students on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday. New Haven: The MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies.Google Scholar
  13. Greenberg, Robert. 2010. Sociolinguistics in the Balkans (pp. 362–374 ). In: Ball, M., ed. The Routledge Handbook of Sociolinguistics Around the World. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Initial periodical report presented to the Secretary General of the Council Of Europe in accordance with Article 15 of the Charter: Serbia. 2007. Available at http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/education/minlang/report/PeriodicalReports/SerbiaPR1_en.pdf, accessed 31 October 2012.
  15. Institute for War and Peace Reporting, available at www.iwrs.net, accessed 31 October, 2012.
  16. Jenne, Erin. 2004. A Bargaining Theory of Minority Demands: Explaining the Dog that Did Not Bite in 1990s Yugoslavia (pp. 729–754). International Studies Quarterly. Vol. 48.Google Scholar
  17. Montenegro Ends Longstanding Language Row. 2011. Balkan Insight. Available at http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/montenegro-ends-language-row, accessed 22 September 2011.
  18. Rezolucija BNV: Bošnjaci narod, regionalna samouprava za Sandžak [BNV Resolution: Bosniak Nation and Regional Self-Government for Sandžak {in Bosnian}]. Available at http://www.sandzacke.rs/vijesti/drustvo/rezolucija-bnv-bosnjaci-narod-regionalnasamouprava-za-sandzak/, accessed 7 October 2012.
  19. Rizvanović, Alma. 2005. Language Battle Divides Schools. Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Available at www.iwpr.net/report-news/language-battle-divides-schools, accessed 31 October 2012.
  20. Serbian Census 2002. Available at http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/axd/Zip/VJN3.pdf, accessed 31 October 2012.
  21. Spalatin 1975. The Rise of the Croatian Standard Language (pp. 8–18). Journal of Croatian Studies. Vol. 16.Google Scholar
  22. Vajzović, Hanka. 2008. Jezik i nacionalni identitet: Sociolingvističke teme [Language and National Identity: Socilinguistic Topics {in Bosnian}]. Sarajevo: Fakultet političkih nauka.Google Scholar
  23. Zašto Bošnjačka kulturna zajednica? [Why havea Bosniak Cultural Community? {in Bosnian}] 2010. Available at www.youtube.com/watch?v=swiehjPB1Zw, accessed 6 October 2012.

Copyright information

© Robert D. Greenberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert D. Greenberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations