The Ingeborg Psalter: Queenship, Legitimacy, and the Appropriation of Byzantine Art in the West

  • Kathleen S. Schowalter
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)


Ingeborg of Denmark married Philip II Augustus, king of France, on August 14, 1193. After a single night of marriage, Philip developed such a violent hatred for the young princess that, immediately following their coronation and anointing at Amiens Cathedral the next day, he demanded the return of his young bride to Denmark.1 Whatever caused Philip’s abrupt and bizarre behavior remains a mystery;2 but at an assembly at Compiègne in November 1193, the king forced his uncle, the Archbishop William of Reims (who had performed the couple’s sacre), to annul the marriage on the pretext of consanguinity.3


British Library Metropolitan Museum Charles Versus Biblical Account Manuscript Tradition 
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  1. 61.
    Joshua Prawer, The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem: European Colonialism in the Middle Ages ( London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972 ), p. 61.Google Scholar
  2. 83.
    Hans Belting, Image and Its Public in the Middle Ages, trans. Mark Bartusis and Raymond Meyer (New York: Aristide D. Caratzas, 1990 ), pp. 214–218.Google Scholar
  3. 95.
    See Jerzy Miziotek,“Transfiguratio Domini in the apse at Mount Sinai and the symbolism of light,” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 53 (1990): 42–60, for an argument about the number symbolism of the rays that vary from image to image.Google Scholar
  4. 97.
    See Ioannis Spatharakis, “The Proskynesis in Byzantine Art,” Bulletin Antieke Beschaving 49 (1974): 190–205.Google Scholar

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© Kathleen Nolan 2003

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  • Kathleen S. Schowalter

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