Dreams pp 285-294 | Cite as

Dreams, Inner Resistance, and Self-Reflection

  • James J. DiCenso


A debate has dragged on for many years, and continues unabated, about the status of Freud’s work and of psychoanalysis generally The main issues concern evaluating psychoanalysis in terms of its claims to scientific status, and exploring related questions such as the falsifiability of its hypotheses or how psychoanalytic models and methods stand in relation to recent developments in physiologically based scientific psychology.


Nodal Point Dream Content Dream Work Psychoanalytic Model Dream Narrative 
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  1. 1.
    Paul Ricoeur, Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation, trans. Denis Savage (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    For an excellent analysis of these issues, as well as an applied reinterpretation of psychoanalytic theory in a non-Western context, see Gananath Obeyesekere, The Work of Culture: Symbolic Transformation in Psychoanalysis and Anthropology (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990).Google Scholar
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    Didier Anzieu, Freud’s Self-Analysis, trans. Peter Graham (New York: International Universities Press, 1986), p. 512.Google Scholar
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    Sigmund Freud, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, translated under the general editorship of James Strachey, 24 vols. (London: Hogarth Press, 1953–74) (hereafter SE), vol.V, The Interpretation of Dreams, p. 517.Google Scholar
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    Roland Barthes, Image, Music, Text, trans. Stephen Heath (London: Fontana Press, 1977), p.141. Barthes illustrates, in his analysis of Jacobs struggle with the angel (Genesis 32:22–32), that similar qualities to those we have discerned in the dream narrative appear in religious texts. These likewise call for a type of reading that is multiple and open-ended.Google Scholar

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© Kelly Bulkeley 2001

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  • James J. DiCenso

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