Sweatt v. Painter (1950) and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents (1950)

  • Waldo E. MartinJr.
Part of the The Bedford Series in History and Culture book series (BSHC)


During World War I, more than 500,000 southern blacks left for the North. Even more left for the West as well as the North during World War II. These extraordinary mass migrations — the first and second Great Migrations — significantly expanded the black populations in the North and the West. As a result, the black freedom struggle and the issue of black-white relations increasingly became a national rather than a southern regional concern. Indeed, these large-scale migrations profoundly altered twentieth-century United States life and culture.


Negro Student Legal Education Fourteenth Amendment Separate School AMERICAN Dilemma 
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Copyright information

© Bedford/St. Martin’s 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Waldo E. MartinJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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