E Pluribus Unum: Peer Pressures
- 38 Downloads
Much more than we can imagine today, medieval people were almost overwhelmed by a social world that rarely left them alone. Every individual faced an idiosyncratic collection of social pressures. Medieval townspeople had no fewer social pressures than peasants in their village communities. For the privileged urban burgesses or citizens—those men who had chosen to enroll in the Borough Community of their town or city, to pay its taxes and have its privileges—their fraternity was an important high-pressure and high profile glass tank. It is a very good one through which to see the mingling of group and individual. But since the game to which people subscribe was, like language, not of their own creation, this chapter tries to show how such groups might press upon their members, bending them all, if breaking only a few.1 It did so at every step by invoking and strengthening the master values of fidelity, honor, and hierarchical order upon which the justification for social action and social control rested.
KeywordsSocial Control Fifteenth Century Village Community Royal Court Social Domination
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- D.M. Palliser, “Urban Society” in Fifteenth-Century Attitudes, ed. Rosemary Horrox (Cambridge, UK.: Cambridge University Press, 1994), p. 146.Google Scholar
- 5.Lorraine Attreed, The King’s Towns. Identity and Survival in Late Medieval English Boroughs (New York: Peter Lang, 2001).Google Scholar
- Norman M. Trenholme, The English Monastic Boroughs (Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1927);Google Scholar
- Margaret Bonney Lordship and the Urban Community. Durham and its Overlords (Cambridge, UK.: Cambridge University Press, 1992),Google Scholar
- 9.D.M. Owen, The Making of King’s Lynn. A Documentary Survey (London: Oxford University Press, 1984), p. 63.Google Scholar
- J.K. Chadwick-Jones, Social Exchange Theory. Its Structure and Influence in Social Psychology (London: Academic Press 1976).Google Scholar
- 62.See Clanchy, M.T., “Law and Love in the Middle Ages,” in Disputes and Settlements: Law and Human Relations in the West, ed. John Bossy (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1983), p. 59Google Scholar
- 68.Richard M. Wunderli, London Church Courts and Society on the Eve of the Reformation (Cambridge, Mass.: Medieval Academy of America, 1981), p. 51Google Scholar