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Exploring Oscillations in Expert Sensorimotor Anticipation: The Tennis Return of Serve

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Abstract

In order to react quickly and precisely, multiple brain areas must interact using optimized mechanisms. Using a particular sports example, the return of serve in tennis—incarnated in the “Milos vs. Roger” duel—this chapter explores the modes of interaction between the involved brain structures, focusing on oscillations and their coherence. Based on multiple lines of evidence, during a reaction-time situation, various brain areas modify their local networks, and link distant networks together through coherent slow-wave activity, permitting to optimize communications. We review the oscillatory activity present in sensorimotor cortices, as well as in the basal ganglia and cerebellum, and posit how the oscillatory processes might interact in the whole brain during the delay when a service returner waits to initiate the movement. As the return of serve requires anticipatory skills, we attempt to link the anticipatory behavior to oscillatory activity, likely connecting the frontal and parietal lobes. Based on animal and human evidence, we admit to making educated guesses as to the brain wave activity during a tennis match: however, the exercise illustrates well the need, and the excitement, in developing more knowledge on the effects of movement expertise in the brain.

Keywords

Synchrony Reaction time Timing Oscillation Sensorimotor organization Expertise 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Ariana Frederick for initial help with figure design. A special thanks to Mark Winter for providing original artwork as a courtesy, after we saw his work at chicanepictures.com. A special thanks as well to Dr. Thanh Dang-Vu for his enthusiasm, patience, and for providing the opportunity to write this review. RC was a Tennis-Canada certified coach in the Québec City area a long time ago, and this chapter stems from both fundamental and applied deliberations over the years, inspired from stimulating discussions with motor control experts Drs. Michelle Fleury, Normand Teasdale, and Chantal Bard; from neurobiological musings with the co-authors; as well as with Drs. Stéphane Dieudonné and Ann Graybiel, and kinesiology colleagues. RC was also fortunate to get to work with tennis coaches Jacques Bordeleau, “Jack” Hérisset, and Louis Lamontagne along the way, who emphasized the perceptual-motor aspect of tennis. RC thanks his co-authors for their patience and willingness to explore: while this was a fun (but risky!) attempt at integration, any good thought likely stemmed from these discussions, while on the other hand, RC gladly takes the blame for any unfortunate oversimplification. Grants from NSERC, FRQNT, and Concordia University supported time and information gathering for this work to be produced.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Applied PhysiologyCenter for Studies in Behavioral Neurobiology, PERFORM Center, Concordia UniversityMontréalCanada
  2. 2.Department of NeurosciencesInstitut de Biologie de l’Ecole Normale SupérieureParisFrance

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