Lymphedema pp 139-143 | Cite as

Laboratory/Imaging Diagnosis: General Guidelines

  • Mauro Andrade


The perfect diagnostic method employed for any disease evaluation should provide good anatomical definition, relevant pathophysiological information, be non-invasive, and must be reproducible, offering reliable data on evolution and treatment. As for most human diseases, there are many different diagnostic methods to study lymphatic insufficiency, all of them with their advantages and disadvantages, all of them fulfilling specific aspects regarding investigation of lymphatic disorders, but none of them possessing all of the required features to be considered ideal.


Lymph Flow Venous Insufficiency Lymphatic Transport Identify Sentinel Lymph Node Thoracic Duct Injury 
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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauro Andrade
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of São Paulo Medical SchoolSão PauloBrazil

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