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Kinetic and Kinematic Analysis in Evaluating Patients with Anterior Knee Pain

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Stair climbing is a demanding locomotor task frequently performed during daily activities. It is well-known from a functional point of view that going up and down stairs, requiring high levels of quadriceps activity, is one of the most painful and challenging activities of daily living for subjects with anterior knee pain. Moreover, it is universally accepted that going downstairs is more challenging that going upstairs due to the level of eccentriccontrol required during step descent.


  • Knee Flexion
  • Flexion Angle
  • Ground Reaction Force
  • Anterior Knee Pain
  • Knee Flexion Angle

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-85729-507-1_23
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  1. 1.

    Kinematic parameters are those used in the description of movement without consideration for the causes of movement. These parameters include linear and angular displacements, velocities, and accelerations.

  2. 2.

    Motion analysis. Interpretation of computerized data that documents an individual’s lower and upper extremities, pelvis, trunk, and head motion during ambulation.

  3. 3.

    Passive markers. Joint and segment markers used during motion analysis that reflect visible or infrared light in contrast with active markers that emit a signal.

  4. 4.

    The forces are measured in N and they have been normalized for the subject’s weight; therefore, it is a dimensionless magnitude.

  5. 5.

    The moment is measured in N·m, it has been normalized for subject’s weight and knee height; therefore, it is a dimensionless value.

  6. 6.

    Coronal plane. The plane that divides the body or body segment into anterior and posterior parts.

  7. 7.

    Sagittal plane. The plane that divides the body or body segment into the right and left parts.

  8. 8.

    External moment. The load applied to the human body due to the ground reaction forces, gravity, and external forces.

  9. 9.

    Internal joint moment. The net result of all the internal forces acting about the joint, which include moments due to the muscles, ligaments, joint friction, and structural constraints.

  10. 10.

    Stance phase. Period of time when the foot is in contact with the first step.

  11. 11.

    Shock absorption. The progressive damping of an applied force. Damping is a complex, generally nonlinear, phenomenon that exists whenever energy is dissipated.


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Correspondence to Vicente Sanchis-Alfonso .

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Sanchis-Alfonso, V., Marín-Roca, S., Montesinos-Berry, E., Baydal-Bertomeu, J.M., Moya, M.F.PD. (2011). Kinetic and Kinematic Analysis in Evaluating Patients with Anterior Knee Pain. In: Sanchis-Alfonso, V. (eds) Anterior Knee Pain and Patellar Instability. Springer, London.

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