Skip to main content

Facial Allotransplantation in China

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
The Know-How of Face Transplantation
  • 906 Accesses


Between 2003 and 2006, there were two operations in China for partial face transplantation. Details about the operative technique, background research, immunosuppression, etc are summarized here. Although these operations were free of significant early complications, neither patient survived in the long run. Careful patient selection, and close, life-long follow up will probably be required to minimize late complications after face transplantation.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Jiang HQ, Wang Y, Hu XB, et al. Composite tissue allograft transplantation of cephalocervical skin flap and two ears. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;115:31e-35e.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Guo S, Han Y, Zhang X, et al. Human facial allotransplantation: a 2-year follow-up study. Lancet. 2008;372:631-638.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Yu D, Li Q, Zheng S, et al. Some results of our research on composite facial allograft transplantation in dogs. Transplant Proc. 2010;42:1953-1955.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Huiyong W, Qingfeng L, Shengwu Z, et al. Cadaveric comparison of two facial flap-harvesting techniques for alloplastic facial transplantation. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2007;60:1175-1181.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Shengwu Z, Quinfeng L, Hao J, et al. Developing a canine model for composite facial/skin allograft transplantation. Ann Plast Surg. 2007;59:185-194.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. AFP Newswire: China Face Transplant Patient Is Dead: Doctor. December 19, 2008.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Robert F. Lohman .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer London

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Lohman, R.F. (2011). Facial Allotransplantation in China. In: Siemionow, M. (eds) The Know-How of Face Transplantation. Springer, London.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, London

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-85729-252-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-0-85729-253-7

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics