Virtual Manufacturing for Discrete Manufacturing Systems

  • Wasim Ahmed KhanEmail author
  • Abdul Raouf
  • Kai Cheng
Part of the Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing book series (SSAM)


The evolution of manufacturing practices since industrial revolution relates directly to the advancement in scientific methodologies and management principles. Some examples of the manifestations of these principles are: (1) Development of coal-fired furnaces for iron making; (2) Development of steam engines and steam-driven machines; (3) Development of transportation, communication, and electricity networks; (4) Establishment and advancement in automobile industry; (5) Development of mass production systems; (6) Development and advancement in aviation industry; (7) Development of modern manufacturing processes; (8) Development in electronics industry; (9) Development of computer science and engineering; (10) Development in Aerospace industry; and (11) Advancement in weapon technology.


Work Piece Conveyor Belt Class Description Simulation Engine Part Program 
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Copyright information

©  Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Business Administration, Centre for Computer StudiesKarachiPakistan
  2. 2.University of Management and TechnologyLahorePakistan
  3. 3.School of Engineering and DesignBrunel UniversityUxbridgeUK

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