Formal Calculus

  • James Lepowsky
  • Haisheng Li
Part of the Progress in Mathematics book series (PM, volume 227)


In this chapter we shall present the elementary formal calculus that is basic in vertex operator algebra theory. Formal calculus has been treated in Chapters 2 and, 8 of [FLM6] and, in [FHL]. For our present purposes and, to make this work self-contained, we present here a full but slightly different treatment.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Lepowsky
    • 1
  • Haisheng Li
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsRutgers UniversityPiscatawayUSA
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsRutgers UniversityCamdenUSA

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