The Periodical Population Dynamics of Lottery Models Including the Effect of Undeveloped Seeds
The mechanism that promotes coexistence of species has not been completely clarified yet. We propose that the amount of nutrient can be one of the factors that promote coexistence of species. Plant species have to reproduce seeds to produce descendants. Even if plant species do reproduce seeds, it is not ensured that every seed will bud. The amount of seeds that can bud successfully depends on the amount of nutrient: if the nutrient is scarce, then every seed cannot bud, but if the nutrient is rich, then every seed can bud. We also assume that the amount of seeds reproduced by one plant individual depends on the amount of nutrient.We show that, in this situation, the population dynamics of plants exhibits a complex behavior, which promotes coexistence of species.
KeywordsSpace nutrient reproduction function effective availability undeveloped seed
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