Why assess adherence? It is vital to assess adherence because adherence failure is a ubiquitous problem that directly impacts the health and well-being of children. This chapter will expand on reasons why to assess adherence, as well as what is to be assessed, who should be assessed (and who should do the assessment), and how to assess. Because there is no ideal measure of adherence, the most common methodological limitations and problems (such as measurement reactivity) will be reviewed and strategies for minimizing their impact will be offered. Medical outcomes (such as glycosylated hemoglobin levels in patients with IDDM) are often treated as indirect measures of adherence, even though they are separate phenomena with a variable and conditional relationship to adherence. Measures of disease or health status outcomes relevant to the more common acute and chronic illnesses require a separate discussion (see Chapter 4).
KeywordsElectronic Monitoring Pill Count Adherence Measure Adherence Behavior Observational Measure
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