Schism and steering
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Chapter 7 showed that militancy was rewarded in the prewar period, as well as among postschism unitaires. After the schism, however, workers generally made money by desisting from strikes, rather than engaging in them. As the statistical analysis of Chapter 3 showed, after 1922, residuals in reformist and mixed regions were inversely correlated with strikes. Furthermore, residual wages were twice as high in reformist areas where confédérés did not strike as they were in communist areas where unitaires did strike. It was argued that these wage patterns were the product of a deliberate policy of steering on the part of French authorities: Both employers and the state had an interest in encouraging workers to join relatively moderate unions by punishing the communists and providing conspicuous benefits to the reformists.
KeywordsLabor Force Collective Bargaining Labor Relation Foreign Worker Moderate Union
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