Definition, Types, Symptoms, Findings, Underlying Mechanisms, and Frequency of Overtraining and Overtraining Syndrome

  • Manfred Lehmann
  • Carl Foster
  • Uwe Gastmann
  • Hans Keizer
  • Jürgen M. Steinacker


From an operational standpoint, overtraining can be defined as stress > recovery (regeneration) imbalance, that is, too much stress combined with too little time for regeneration –In this context, stress summarizes all individual training, non-training, and competition-dependent stress factors,–Particularly, additional exogenous non-training stress factors, such as social, educational, occupational, economic, nutritional factors, travel, and endogenous factors (genetic predisposition) exacerbate the risk of a resulting overtraining syndrome in a completely individual manner .The term overtraining syndrome describes an impaired state of health which is caused by overtraining and characterized by particular findings.


Endurance Athlete Training Load Burnout Syndrome Overtraining Syndrome Athlete Burnout 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Lehmann
    • 1
  • Carl Foster
    • 2
  • Uwe Gastmann
    • 1
  • Hans Keizer
    • 3
  • Jürgen M. Steinacker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sports and Rehabilitation MedicineUniversity Medical Hospital UlmUlmGermany
  2. 2.University of Wisconsin-La CrosseLa Crosse
  3. 3.Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Movement SciencesUniversity of Limburg MaastrichtMaastrichtThe Netherlands

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