Skip to main content

How to Make Things Which Hold Together: Social Science, Statistics and the State

  • Chapter

Part of the Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook book series (SOSC,volume 15)

Abstract

The various parts of this collective book examine the way in which over the past two centuries the social sciences have acquired more-or-less stable forms, and have contributed to structuring specific discourses about society. Everyone agrees on the importance of the consolidation of these sciences — a consolidation that operates in two dimensions, institutional and cognitive. To consolidate something means to give it the ability to endure, to be transmitted from hand to hand and to resist possible deformations. According to Durkheim, “social facts” can only be “treated as things” to the extent that they possess these attributes, which thus render them comparable to any other scientific object.

Keywords

  • Nineteenth Century
  • Social History
  • Salaried Employee
  • Social Science Information
  • Empirical Social Science

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-585-29174-1_8
  • Chapter length: 24 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   189.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-0-585-29174-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Anderson, M.J. (1988): The American Census: a social history, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Benzecri, J.P. (1982): Histoire et préhistoire de l’analyse des données, Paris: Dunod.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boltanski, L. (1970): ‘Taxinomies populaires, taxinomies savantes: les objets de consommation et leur classement’ in Revue Française de Sociologie, XI, 34–44.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Boltanski, L. (1987): The Making of a Class: “cadres” in French society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boltanski, L., and Thévenot, L. (1983): ‘Finding one’s way in social space: a study based on games’ in Social Sciences Information, 22(4–5), 631–680.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Boltanski, L., and Thévenot, L. (1987): Les économies de la grandeur, Les Cahiers du Centre d’Etudes de l’Emploi, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bourdieu, P. (1977): Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bourdieu, P. (1984): Distinction: a social critique of the judgement of taste, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bourguet, M.N. (1988): Déchiffrer la France: la statistique départementale à l’époque napoléonnienne, Paris: Editions des archives contemporaines.

    Google Scholar 

  • Briand, J.P., Chapoulie, J.M., and Peretz, H. (1979): ‘Les statistiques scolaires comme représentation et comme activité’ in Revue Française de Sociologie, XX, 669–702.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bru, B. (1988): ‘Estimations Laplaciennes. Un exemple: la recherche de la population d’un grand Empire, 1785–1812’ in J. Mairesse (ed.), Estimation et sondages: cinq contributions à l’histoire de la statistique, Paris: Economica.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bulmer, M., Bales, K., and Sklar, K.K. (forthcoming 1991): The Social Survey in Historical Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Callon, M. (1986): ‘Eléments pour une sociologie de la traduction. La domestication des coquilles Saint-Jacques et les marins-pécheurs dans la baie de Saint-Brieuc’ in Vannie sociologique, 36, 169–208.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cicourel, A. (1964): Method and Measurement in Sociology, New York: Free Press of Glencoe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Coumet, E. (1970): ‘La théorie du hasard est elle née par hasard?’ in Annales. Economie Société Civilisation, 9 (mai–juin), 574–598.

    Google Scholar 

  • Daston, L.J. (1987a): ‘The domestication of risk: mathematical probability and insurance, 1650–1830’ in L. Kruger et al., The Probabilistic Revolution: Volume 1, Ideas in History, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Daston, L.J. (1987b): ‘Rational individuals versus laws of society: from probability to statistics’ in L. Kruger et al., 1987, The Probabilistic Revolution: Volume 1, Ideas in History, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Desrosières, A. (1977): ‘Eléments pour l’histoire des nomenclatures socioprofessionnelles’ in Pour une histoire de la statistique, tome I, contributions, Paris: INSEE, 155–231 (republished in 1987, Paris: INSEE, Economica).

    Google Scholar 

  • Desrosières, A. (1985): ‘Histoires des formes. Statistiques et sciences sociales avant 1940’ in Revue Française de Sociologie, 2, 277–310.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Desrosières, A. (1988): ‘Masses, individus, moyennes: la statistique sociale au XIXeme siècle’ in Hermes (ex Cahiers Sciences Technologie Sociiti), 2, 41–66.

    Google Scholar 

  • Desrosières, A. (1991): ‘The part in relation to the whole: how to generalize? The prehistory of representative sampling’ in Bulmer, M., Bales, K., and Sklar, K.K., The Social Survey in Historical Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Desrosières, A., and Thévenot, L. (1988): Les catégories socioprofessionnelles, Paris: La Découverte.

    Google Scholar 

  • Duncan, J.W., and Shelton, W.C. (1978): Revolution in United States Government Statistics, 1926–1976, Washington: U.S. Department of Commerce.

    Google Scholar 

  • Eymard-Duvernay, F. (1986): ‘La qualification des produits’ in Salais, R., and Thévenot, L. (eds.), Le travail, marchés, règles, conventions, Paris: Economica.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fourquet, F. (1980): Les comptes de la puissance — Histoire de la comptabiliteé nationale et du Plan, Paris: Encres (Recherches).

    Google Scholar 

  • Freidson, E. (1988): Professional Powers: a study of the institutionalization of formal knowledge, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guibert, B., Laganier, J., and Voile, M. (1971): ‘Essai sur les nomenclatures industrielles’ in Economie et statistique, 20, 23–26.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hacking, I. (1975): The Emergence of Probability, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hacking, I. (1990): The Taming of Chance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hennock, E.P. (1987): “The measurement of poverty: from the metropolis to the nation, 1880–1920’ in Economic History Review, 2nd series, XL,2, 208–227.

    Google Scholar 

  • Héran, F. (1984): ‘L’assise statistique de la sociologie’ in Economie et Statistique, 168 (juillet–aôut), 23–26.

    Google Scholar 

  • INSEE (1977): Pour une histoire de la statistique, tome 1, contributions, Paris: INSEE.

    Google Scholar 

  • INSEE (1987): Pour une histoire de la statistique, tome 2, matiriaux, Paris: INSEE, Economica.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kocka, J. (1981): ‘Class formation, interest articulation and public policy: the origins of the German white-collar class in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries’ in Berger, S. (ed.), Organizing Interests in Western Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kruger, L. (1987): “The slow rise of probabilism: philosophical arguments in the nineteenth century’ in L. Kruger et al., The Probabilistic Revolution: Volume 1, Ideas in History, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 59–89.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kruger, L., Daston, L., and Heidelberger, H. (eds.) (1987): The Probabilistic Revolution: Volume 1, Ideas in History, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kuisel, R.F. (1981): Capitalism and State in France, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Latour, B. (1987): Science in Action: how to follow scientists and engineers through society, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lécuyer, B.P. (1982): ‘Statistiques administratives et statistique morale au XIXème siecle’ in Actes de la journée “Sociologie et statistique”, Paris: INSEE, Société Française de Sociologie, 155–165.

    Google Scholar 

  • MacKenzie, D. (1981): Statistics in Britain, 1865–1930; the social construction of scientific knowledge, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mairesse, J. (ed.) (1988): Estimation et sondages: cinq contributions à l’histoire de la statistique, Paris: Economica.

    Google Scholar 

  • Murphy, T.D. (1981): ‘Medical knowledge and statistical methods in early nineteenth century France’ in Medical History, 25, 301–319.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pollak, M. (1979): ‘Paul F. Lazarsfeld, fondateur d’une multinationale scientifique’ in Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, 25 (janvier), 45–59.

    Google Scholar 

  • Porter, T.M. (1986): The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820–1900, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Salais, R., Baverez, N., and Reynaud, B. (1986): L’invention du chômage, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

    Google Scholar 

  • Selvin, H. (1976): ‘Durkheim, Booth and Yule: the non-diffusion of an intellectual innovation’ in Archives Europiennes de Sociologie, XVII, 39–51.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Serverin, E. (1985): De la jurisprudence en droit privé; théorie d’une pratique, Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sewell, W.H. (1980): Work and Revolution in France: the language of labour from the Old Regime to 1848, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stigler, S.M. (1986): The History of Statistics: the measurement of uncertainty before 1900, Cambridge and London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Szreter, S. (1984): ‘The genesis of the Registrar General’s classification of occupations’ in British Journal of Sociology, XXXV(4), 522–546.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Thévenot, L. (1976): ‘Les enquêtes Formation. Qualification professionnelle et leurs ancêtres français’ in INSEE (1987), Pour une histoire de la statistique, tome 2, matériaux, Paris: INSEE, Economica, 117–165.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thévenot, L. (1984): ‘Rules and implements: investments in forms’ in Social Science Information, 23(1), 1–45.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Thévenot, L. (1987): ‘Forme statistique et lien politique: éléments pour une généalogie des statistiques sociales’ (note INSEE Unité de Recherche, no. 112/930 of 9 April, 1987-forthcoming).

    Google Scholar 

  • Turner, S. (1988): ‘Giddings as the Father of American Sociology’, paper presented to the Conference of the I.S.A. Research Committee for the History of Sociology, Madrid, May 1988.

    Google Scholar 

  • Voile, M. (1982): Histoire de la statistique industrielle, Paris: Economica.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 1990 Kluwer Academic Publishers

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

DesrosiÈres, A. (1990). How to Make Things Which Hold Together: Social Science, Statistics and the State. In: Wagner, P., Wittrock, B., Whitley, R. (eds) Discourses on Society. Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook, vol 15. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-585-29174-1_8

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-585-29174-1_8

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-7923-1001-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-0-585-29174-1

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive