Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and the Impact on Daily Life

  • Joan TogliaEmail author
  • Kathleen Golisz


Traumatic brain injuries have the potential to significantly disrupt an individual’s ability to engage in daily activities both within their home and community. Changes in physical, emotional, and visual perceptual and cognitive functioning can change the ability to perform the tasks related to one’s life roles. This chapter provides an overview of the changes associated with traumatic brain injury and provides strategies for adapting and coping with these changes as the individual recovers.


Traumatic brain injury Activities of daily living Cognition Visual perception Attention Memory Executive function Awareness Community participation 


  1. Arango-Lasprilla, J. C., & Kreutzer, J. S. (2010). Racial and ethnic disparities in functional, psychosocial, and neurobehavioral outcomes after brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25, 128–136. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181d36ca3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bier, N., Dutil, E., & Couture, M. (2009). Factors affecting leisure participation after a traumatic brain injury: An exploratory study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24, 187–194. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181a0b15a.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Report to Congress on Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Epidemiology and Rehabilitation. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention. Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. (February 9, 2016). Injury prevention & control: Traumatic brain injury & concussion. Retrieved May 8, 2016 from
  5. Ciurli, P., Formisano, R., Bivona, U., Cantagallo, A., & Angelelli, P. (2010). Neuropsychiatric disorders in persons with severe traumatic brain injury: Prevalence, phenomenology, and relationship with demographic clinical and functional features. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 26, 1–11. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181dedd0e.Google Scholar
  6. Corrigan, J. D., Selassie, A. W., & (Langlois) Orman, J. A. (2010). The epidemiology of traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25, 72–80. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181ccc8b4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Fadyl, J. K., & McPherson, K. M. (2009). Approaches to vocational rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury: A review of the evidence. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24, 195–212. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181a0d458.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Gamboa, A. M., Holland, G. H., Tierney, J. P., & Gibson, D. S. (2006). American Community Survey: Earnings and employment for persons with traumatic brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation, 21, 327–333.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. International Brain Injury Clubhouse Alliance. What is a clubhouse? Retrieved May 6, 2016 from
  10. Kortte, K. B., & Wegener, S. T. (2004). Denial of illness in medical rehabilitation populations: Theory, research, and definition. Rehabilitation Psychology, 49, 187–199. doi: 10.1037/0090-5550.49.3.187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kreutzer, J. S., Marwitz, J. H., Godwin, E. E., & Arango-Lasprilla, J. C. (2010). Practical approaches to effective family intervention after brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25, 113–120. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181cf0712.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Mauss-Clum, N., & Ryan, M. (1981). Brain injury and the family. Journal of Neurosurgical Nursing, 13(4), 165–169. doi: 10.1097/01376517-198108000-00002.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. O’Neil-Pirozzi, T. M., Corrigan, J. D., & Hammond, F. (n.d.). Studying employment following traumatic brain injury (Technical Report). The Center for Outcome Measurement in Brain Injury. Retrieved May 8, 2016 from
  14. Parish, L., & Oddy, M. (2007). Efficacy of rehabilitation for functional skills more than 10 years after extremely severe brain injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 17, 230–243. doi: 10.1080/09602010600750675.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Prigatano, G. P. (2008). Anosognosia and the process and outcome of neurorehabilitation. In D. T. Stuss, G. Winocur, & I. H. Robertson (Eds.), Cognitive neurorehabilitation (2nd ed., pp. 240–251). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Sander, A. M., Clark, A., & Pappadis, M. R. (2010). What is community integration anyway?: Defining meaning following traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25, 121–127. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181cd1635.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Seel, R. T., Macciocchi, S., & Kreutzer, J. S. (2010). Clinical considerations for the diagnosis of major depression after moderate to severe TBI. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25, 99–112. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181ce3966.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Shenton, M. E., Hamoda, H. M., Schneiderman, J. S., Bouix, S., Pasternak, O., Rathi, Y., et al. (2012). A review of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging findings in mild traumatic brain injury. Brain Imaging Behavior, 6, 137–192. doi: 10.1007/s11682-012-9156-5.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Stuss, D. T., Picton, T. W., & Alexander, M. P. (2001). Consciousness, self-awareness, and the frontal lobes. In S. P. Salloway, P. F. Malloy, & J. D. Duffy (Eds.), The frontal lobes and neuropsychiatric illness (pp. 101–109). Washington: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.Google Scholar
  20. Temkin, N. R., Corrigan, J. D., Dikmen, S. S., & Machamer, J. (2009). Social functioning after traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24, 460–467. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181c13413.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Whelan-Goodinson, R., Ponsford, J. L., Schonberger, M., & Johnston, L. (2009). Predictors of psychiatric disorders following traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25, 320–329. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181c8f8e7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Health and Natural SciencesMercy CollegeDobbs FerryUSA

Personalised recommendations